Retrieved January 9, 2012, From http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/black_death_of_1348_to_1350.htm • Alchin, L.K. (2006). Black Death. Retrieved January 11, 2012. from http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/black-death.htm Eyewitness to History. (2001).
Death has always been frightening, but when a country plagues with disease, death becomes a terrible fear, the Plague scared the people of 541, and 542, when their outbreak of the Plague spread. Therefore, while other outbreaks of the Black Plague took place, the fourteenth century outbreak in Europe was certainly the worst. Before the Black Plague, living in Britain was interesting and positive but, was not always pleasant. It was too crowded and dirty, Britain was disgusting and unsanitary for the citizens for a long period of time, even before the disease spread to Europe (Ibeji n.pag.). Thus, Britain being so dirty, it was easier for this disease to spread.
26 Feb. 2014 History.com Staff, ed. "BLACK DEATH." Black Death Facts and Summary. History.com, 2010. Web.
Alexander Yersin discovered the bacteria in 1894 while researching an epidemic in China. However, Yersinia pestis had already begun to affect people soon before he identified it, with the earliest case being in the 6th century (Tucker). The bacteria produces three forms of the Black plague: septicemic, pneumonic and bubonic. The septicemic plague is when the bacteria multiply in the blood stream, which causes stomach pain, fever and bleeding beneath the skin. The pneumonic plague occurs when the bacteria affect the lungs and causes people to get pneumonia.
There are three types of the plague, which include the bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic plagues (Newquist 238-239). The bubonic plague attacks the lymph glands while traveling through the lymphatic system. This causes the lymph nodes to swell and become inflamed. These “nodes” appear as buboes: blotchy, red, large, and large painful manifestations. There is a sixty percent chance of death with this plague inside the body (238).
Once a few people contracted the disease, it spread like wildfire. In 1347, a town called Kaffa was attacked by the Tartar army (Edmonds). The Tartars, however, contracted the plague and began to die out. The people of the city had no idea what was destroying their enemies, but it didn't ... ... middle of paper ... ...ything about the plague was bad. If it hadn't have happened, we might still be just as filthy and medically uneducated as we were, and the tyrannical monarchies of Europe could still be in power.
In both cases, victims very rarely lasted more than three to four days between basic infection and death, a time of intense fever and vomiting when which their lymph nodes swelled uncontrollably and eventually burst. The black death was one of the most unforgiving pandemics in human history, resulting in the fatalities of an estimated 75 to 200 million people and climaxing in Europe in 1348-50. People’s lack of knowledge for the way it spread was a major role for the black death to wipe out half of the population of Europe. Trade ships carrying rats, fleas and other animal’s infected with the bubonic plague came from Central Asia along the silk road. The ships eventually reached Europe and their deadly cargo started spreading excessively throughout the continent, affecting miniscule numbers at first but very soon reaching up into the hundreds of thousands and eventually millions.