Causes Of Water Pollution In Canada

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What are some of the main causes of water pollution in Canada, and what progress has Canada made in dealing with water pollution? Provide some indication of the seriousness of air pollution in Canada. Water pollution is not a major problem nationally, although it can be a source of concern in some localities. Major causes of water pollution in Canada include acid rain, groundwater contamination and unclean wastewater. As previously stated, Alberta's oil sands are set to cause growing levels of acid rain certainly leading to an increase in water contamination in the area. Acid rain will cause Canada's lakes and rivers to become further acidified. Other than contributing to acid rain and high levels of metals in water, sites of oil production can also cause significant damage by human error and runoff. A prominent example is the 2007 case involving the Athabasca River. Due to human fault, energy magnate Suncor spilled 9.8 million litre of oil sands waste water into the river causing adverse effects for people and wildlife in the area.[5] The Athabasca River can also be used as an example of oil sands runoff. Other than contributing to acid rain and high levels of metals in water, sites of oil production can also cause significant damage by human fault and runoff. A prominent example is the 2007 case involving the Athabasca River. Due to human fault, energy magnate Suncor spilled 9.8 million litre of oil sands waste water into the river causing adverse effects for people and wildlife in the area.[5] The Athabasca River can also be used as an example of oil sands runoff. In Canada, all three levels of government (federal, provincial/territorial, and municipal) have roles and responsibilities with respect to fresh water management. The... ... middle of paper ... ...ng fuels and can therefore be implemented in just a few months. In theory, the same applies to cap-and-trade systems, but in practice they tend to be much more complex. More time is required to develop the necessary regulations, and they are more susceptible to lobbying and loopholes. Cap-and-trade also requires the establishment of an emissions trading market. A groundbreaking study shows that Canada's economy can still grow by almost 20 per cent over the next decade while the country dramatically reduces its greenhouse gas pollution by about half. The study shows that Canada could take decisive action and still continue to enjoy strong net job growth and other economic benefits. By 2020 Canadians would save more than $5.5 billion each year at the gas pump because of more efficient vehicles, more public transit and shorter commutes. (http://www.davidsuzuki.org)

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