After the Second World War America and the Soviet Union gained power in Europe. Though these to countries never fought one another, they waged a cold war of economic, military and ideological rivalry which last through the second half of the twentieth century. The origin of the Cold War began with the Russian Revolution in nineteen-seventeen, which created a Soviet Russia. The Soviet Russia did not have the same economic and ideological state as the United States. The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism.
It will discuss the ideals of Western Europe and that of Soviet Russia; the United States in support of liberty and freedom, and Communist Russia, who had shown a dislike towards Capitalism. It will also consider the years before 1945 in an attempt to suggest possible reasons for the mutual distrust of those involved. It will propose that the outbreak of the Cold War was a consequence of conflicting opinions of great world powers, none of which are solely responsible for the Cold War. After World War Two, the Allies had to face the problem concerning leadership and control within Germany. There was growing support for the idea of an, 'integrated Europe' before the end of the war.
The US believed in personal freedom while the Soviet society was controlled by the NKVD (secret police). (http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/coldwar.htm) Although the United States and Soviet Union were allies during World War Two they were soon faced with many opposing views soon after the war ended. Joseph Stalin the leader of the Soviet Union had wanted to gain complete control of Eastern Europe most importantly Germany and make it a communist society. Here in the US Truman started to worry about the spread of communism in Eastern Europe. The anticipation of the spread of communism was concerning Truman as if it did proceed to happen it would be greatly affecting the United States economy.
One individual played an immense role in pulling the strings of the Cold War. As the first U.S. President to face the Cold War, Harry S. Truman’s political views as a Democrat, important military decisions during warfare, and his policy of containing Communism, strongly impacted the Cold War, which led to the United States and the Soviet Union becoming Cold War adversaries. From July 17¬–August 2, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, all met in Potsdam, Germany to discuss plans ... ... middle of paper ... ...r adversaries. Truman’s political views as a Democrat opposed the Soviet Union’s Communist views. Truman believed that communism would affect the political stability of other countries.
At the end of the Second World War, relations between the former allies in the war with Germany began to deteriorate. Stalin did not want to run out of hands of those areas that were occupied by Soviet Union , the U.S. threatened the entrenchment of the Soviet Union. In addition, both countries were represented opposing economic systems, and each of their capacity due to one or another economic model, popular in the world. Cold War era started after W. Churchill speech in 1946, Fulton he said: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across Europe. Soon the Soviet Union's policy in Europe has become very aggressive, while the U.S. tried to make every effort to stop the spread of communism.
Communist nations would fight to spread communism and noncommunist nations would fight to stop the spread of communism. The Cold War had begun. Winston Churchill’s speech on March 5, 1946 summed up his previous thoughts about the Soviet Union. One of Churchill’s most famous parts of the speech “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, and iron curtain had descended across the continent”(Document 1). Churchill basically said that Europe has been divided into two parts by this imaginary “iron curtain” the eastern half which is communist with dictatorships and the western half which is capitalist and mostly democratic.
The Marshall plan was meant to rebuild the economic systems of Europe, and to also challenge any countries attempt to Europe’s existing power, this being directed toward the communist parties of the USSR that were currently trying to do so. Truman then strengthened the U.S. Department of Defense by forming the CIA and The NSC following the announcement of the Marshall Plan. With political tensions rising, the Berlin Blockade(1948-1949) became the first major crisis of the Cold War. This was a miserable attempt on the USSR’s part in trying to gain control over the entirety of Berlin. They blocked the railways, roads, and canals that lead to the allies con... ... middle of paper ... ...lly ended at the Malta Summit.
Around the clock airlift was required to keep West Berlin alive. In March 1946 Truman announced that the Russian has erected the Iron Curtain. Persuaded by George Kennan's letter arguing that America should block Russian aggression around the world with economic power and force, the Policy of Containment was created. That same year Truman was informed by his top generals and intelligence that the Russians would not be able to build their own bomb until 1966. However, Klaus Fuchs, a high level German scientist, stole nuclear secr... ... middle of paper ... ...firmed the evidence of missile launchers with nuclear weapons installed.
The overriding concern in Washington and Moscow was maximizing their influence in Europe, but at the same time they started to look far beyond European countries to recruit new friends and establish strategic alliances. ... ... middle of paper ... ...eployed from Japan to Korea to resist the invasion; he actually considered the possibility to strike the Soviet Union if the happen to participate directly in the conflict. Simultaneously with the Korean War burst, The Soviet Union was boycotting the council meetings, in protest over the refusal of UN Security Council to transfer a permanent seat from the Republic of China (Taiwan) to the People’s Republic of China. But what United Nations did instead, was to publish a resolution were UN recommends members states to support Korea militarily. Therefore, U.S. General McArthur reversed the invasion to the north by the end of the summer, and he reached the north to Chochiwon.
Signs point to Stalin creating the conditions that would result in the Cold War, but the Allies would continually do things without his input. Establishing the Federal Republic of Germany and the formation of NATO only served to antagonize Stalin and divide Europe after he created the Warsaw Pact. Then when both sides continually built destructive weapons, neither side would stop production until Nixon used détente as a means to open dialogue with the Soviet Union. The Cold War would only end when the Soviet Union stopped trying to match the United States militarily and instead made domestic reform a priority.