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Causes Of The Civil War

explanatory Essay
1590 words
1590 words
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Americans fought very had to receive their independence from England. Their determination of self-rule was evident from the very beginning. From early settlement, the colonists gave evidence to this determination. The increase in control of England increased their desire to be treated fairly as English citizens, but England did not give them the feeling of fair treatment. Ever since the beginnings of settlement, England and America had been growing apart. England was still an aristocracy, ruled by men born and bred to a high station in life. The society was one of culture and refinement. Deprived of abundant opportunity at home, the common people accepted a position of dependence rather than independence. But in America, things had gone differently. The society was rather democratic. There were no lords or hereditary officers. “The wilderness had attracted men of independent spirit, and the stern conditions of the frontier had bred self-reliance and self-respect.'; (*) The New World made men enterprising, energetic, and aggressive. The distance between the colonists and England was as equally wide as their political thinking. British statesmen believed that Parliament had complete authority over the colonies. It could make laws for them, tax them and even abolish their elected assemblies. But, patriot leaders in America denied all this. They believed Parliament was bound to respect certain natural rights of man. The colonists did not think Parliament represented them, therefore they did not respect the taxes it imposed. The English leaders, on the other hand, thought members of Parliament looked after the best interests of the whole empire. People all over the world believe that government protects life, liberty, and property. “Were it not for government, the world would soon run into all manner of disorders and confusions,'; (136,Text). The idea that stable and enlightened government could be achieved by balancing the concepts of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy became a common belief among many individuals. In Europe, individual monarch power was growing. This outraged many of each country’s citizens. Also, poverty was increasing fast, due to people’s belief that nobility, money, and control of land signifies power. Many early settlers chose to explore the New World, in order to escape from politics and religion in their mother country. In the colonies, the settlers had already become used to taking a share in government. Every colony elected an assembly. The Virginians set up their House of Burgesses twelve years after Jamestown was settled.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that americans fought very had to receive their independence from england. their determination of self-rule was evident from the very beginning.
  • Explains that england and america had been growing apart since the beginnings of settlement. england was an aristocracy, ruled by men born and bred to high positions in life.
  • Explains that the distance between the colonists and england was as equally wide as their political thinking. british statesmen believed that parliament had complete authority over the colonies, but patriot leaders in america denied all this.
  • Explains that people all over the world believe that government protects life, liberty, and property. stable and enlightened government could be achieved by balancing the concepts of monarchy, aristocracy and democracy.
  • Explains that early settlers explored the new world to escape from politics and religion in their mother country. the virginians set up their house of burgesses twelve years after jamestown was settled.
  • Narrates how the leisler rebellion in new york set up a democratic government in the colonies.
  • Explains that england imposed various acts on the colonies, such as the sugar act, stamp act and the quartering act. trade only offered one source of revenue, so the english government created the previous mentioned acts.
  • Explains that the quartering act was created and inforced, and the currency act increased the load of taxes on the colonists.
  • Explains that the stamp act was not accepted throughout the colonial assemblies, and it was repealed in 1766. parliament declared that it had full power to tax colonies whenever and however it thought best.
  • Explains that england placed external taxes on trade in the colonies on goods such as lead, paint, glass, paper, and tea. the colonial assemblies had a check on the governors of each colony to prevent the deterioration of self-government.
  • Explains that the british east india company shipped tea to the colonies without paying any import taxes. the colonists greeted the cheap tea as a bribe.
  • Analyzes how parliament responded to the boston tea party with the five 'intolerable acts', which closed the port of boston to all shipping until all the destroyed tea was paid for.
  • Explains that the colonies set up a continental congress in response to the intolerable acts. the congress denounced parliamentary taxation and the five
  • Explains that the colonists had many intellectual themes that they used to create their political theories, such as enlightenment, natural law, and whig ideology.
  • Concludes that many people had different thoughts about how the government should be run. the federalists were in favor of a strong central government and the anti-federalists weren't.
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