They decided to launch a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to surrender. In the months before the attack on United States bases in the Pacific, the young Japanese men trained rigorously for service in their country’s air forces. Several factors prevented the American command from ant... ... middle of paper ... ... at all. Soon after the surprise attack, on September 8, President Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war. They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany.
United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. That unexpected attack on December 7, 1941 was originally just a preventive effort for keeping the US from interfering with military action the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia. Japan wanted to cripple the pacific fleet so they wouldn’t foil their plan to create a defense perimeter in the Southwest Pacific. Japanese aircraft launched two aerial attack waves sinking four US Navy battleships and damaging two other battleships. The attacks also led to a high number of deaths.
American Military officials also captured secret messages from Japan to Berlin saying that Japan is planning a direct attack on the US unless they change their policy. However, they didn’t know where and how the attack would occur. The surprise attack turned out to be a launch on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. This angered American to the extent that the US declared war on Japan the next day. Even though the US favored neutrality, the United States was forced to enter war.
Truman had to make the fatal decision on whether the bomb was to be dropped on Japan. With the idea of going to war, Truman had to think about the lives of the thousand American soldiers. The American soldiers had begun using the method of island hopping, because the bomb was not available. The idea of dropping a bomb was that the war itself could possibly end in its earliest points. The dropping of the atomic bomb could also justify the money spent on the Manhattan Project (Donohue 1).
The nation proceeded to declare war on Japan. Then, because of the alliance between Germany and Japan, Germany declared war on the U.S. At the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president. From the beginning of his presidency and the start of the war, he had wanted to get involved with the war. Historians have debated for many years who is at fault for the attack on Pearl Harbor and causing the deaths of two thousand Americans. He believed that without the United States aid, Russia and England would collapse, and the United States government had broken a diplomatic code and intercepted a message from Japan threatening war.
America cut off Japans source of supplies and as an effect their military weakened significantly. This action gave Japan the rage they needed to approve the plan and attack Pearl Harbor.2 The British broke in to Japan’s diplomatic code before the attack and gave the information to America, The U.S. knew from this intel that an attack from the Japanese Empire was liable to occur but never expected anything so drastic or soon because they did not think Japan had a strong enough military to impose a big enough threat to America.3 Japan attacked on December 7, 1941, at 6:45 a.m. most soldiers were still asleep. Two privates named George Elliot and Joseph Lockard, were operating a mobile radar on the north coast of Oahu the day of the attack. They noticed a large blip on the radar screen, a blip meant a very... ... middle of paper ... ...ence of allies and enemies.11 World War II continued for four years until the year 1945 when America and Japan were the only two countries participating. In hopes to end the war America dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and then Nagasaki Japan, giving the Japanese Empire no choice but to surrender.12 In conclusion the Japanese Empire bombed Pearl Harbor, the main military base, on December 7, 1941.
Two battles, the Midway battle and Iwo Jima highlighted the determination of the Empire of Japan to continue their Southeast Asian pursuits and the cost the wars on the United States. Facing bloody battles and a resilient enemy, the United States chose to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The bombs killed hundred thousands and injured many more, but let Japan know how serious the United States was in stopping their expansion project. In the end the United States used the atomic bomb was not for revenge but to end World War II. The atomic bomb was not the first thing the United States used, but the last.
President Roosevelt hoped that these sanctions that the United States put on Japan would lead them to making the mistake of declaring war on the United States (which would also bring Italy and Germany into the attack too since they were all allied) the reason why Rooseve... ... middle of paper ... ..., 1986. Print. Trefousse, Hans L. What Happened at Pearl Harbor? Documents Pertaining to the Japanese Attack of December 7, 1941, and Its Background. New York: Twayne, 1958.
As a result of Japan’s forces, others had to pay for something that they did not even do. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, the United States and Britain declared war on Japan, which caused a nationwide prejudice against all Japanese-Americans, which caused President Roosevelt to sign the Executive Order 9066and send Americans to internment camps, then after all of this the U.S. bombs Japan, ending the war and eventually congress rescinds the Executive Order 9066. After 18 months of planning, Japanese forces finally decided to take action. Their goal was to cripple the U.S. fleet so they could attack and capture the Philippines and Indo-China. Their goal for attacking and capturing the Philippines and Indo-China is to secure raw materials needed to maintain its position as a global military and economic power.
Military bases with thousands of U.S. troops were stationed on these islands. The Japanese predicted it was only a matter of time before America would enter the war. Therefore, decided that a surprise was their best weapon against the United States. Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor was a huge tragedy to the U.S., and caused the U.S. to enter into WWII, but brought more consequences to Japan than could ever be