Their mission was to partition Africa and take its natural resources. European countries wanted to successfully partition Africa and co-exist with each other. European countries wanted Africa for reasons such as imperialism and trade. The main reason for the colonization of Africa was to gain additional land. Europeans wanted the land because with land came various opportunities.
There were many reasons for the European countries to be competing against each other to gain colonies in Africa. One of the main reasons was that the Europeans believed that the more territory a country was able to control, the more powerful it could become and the more powerful it would be seen as by other countries. Other reasons for the desire to control African land included the many natural resources that could only be found in Africa, such as diamonds, gold, and as time progressed, rubber. It also provided new markets in surrounding places so that manufactured goods could be sold for a larger profit. The Europeans had many motives for imperialism in Africa.
Many consider colonies as a symbol of national pride and a way to establish a sense of power abroad while simultaneously protecting national interests. The European powers sought after the establishment of colonies to secure resources, particularly cotton, iron, copper, and rubber (Andrew Clemming, Effects of The European Imperialism In Africa). Industrialized nations pressured economic integration upon developing regions, like many African, Asian, and Indian regions in the 1800’s, and then quickly extracted as much value as possible from the developing nations. These resources that were extracted was the tinder that helped spark and continual... ... middle of paper ... ...tion."
Because of this takeover, imperialism brought both positive and negative effects to Africa. One major factor in beginning imperialism in Africa was the end of the slave trade because this was how Europe was making most of their money during the 18th century. If revenue was not being brought in through the slave trade, other “products” (formerly humans) had to be traded. Greed was why Europeans could overlook the “disease, political instability, lack of transportation, and the generally unhealthy climate” (Duiker & Spielvogel 620) of Africa. If some of these off-putting factors such as transportation could be changed by the Europeans occupying Africa, then why not occupy it?
 Further natural resources like rubber in Congo, oil in Iran, and gold in South Africa encouraged imperialists to expand their spheres of influence past their natural border.  Access to these regions also provided western states a market for their finished goods, textiles primarily. Senator Beveridge explains the need of foreign markets by stating “Where shall we turn for consumers of our surplus? Geography answers the question. China is our natural customer.” French imperialist Jules Ferry also highlights the need for a foreign consumer “...felt more and more urgently by industrialized population of Europe and especially the people of our rich and hardworking country of France: the need for outlets [for exports].” In cases where westerners were buying rather than selling to foreign markets, military intervention was utilized.
What that means is once Great Britain established complete control of South Saharan Africa, they began to export the resources they found that they could use. These charts are proof of how the European's wanted resources, and that is one of the main reasons for the imperialization of Africa. Not only did the European nations want the continent's resources, but they had an equal hunger for power. A... ... middle of paper ... ...r 1885. Works Cited The DBQ Project.
The Scramble for Africa was a competition between European imperialists to get various territories in Africa, seeing that Africa had many raw materials and natural resources like ivory, coal, iron, and rubber to aid the Europeans with trade and manufacturing. Freshly entering into the industrial revolution, new products were being made with manufactured machinery and being transported by steam-powered ships across Europe. Since Africa had a large territory that could be used to establish naval bases and build transport systems for trade, Africa was the ideal place for imperialists. Imperialists believed that they were superior to the lesser nation... ... middle of paper ... ...and society was shaped. For some countries like India, Imperialism was good because it brought about change in every area politically and economically.
These vying countries were interested in the control of waterways and trade routes as well as for future usage for example free trade. These world powers set up industries within their colonies to boost profits and inevitably made industrialization of the colonies grow immensely. Exportation of raw materials pushed for conquest yet caused poverty onto the African land. Colonialism was seen as a monopoly ideology, a prominent necessity and enhancer to the “mother country”. Some may argue this was even seen as a later sense of mercantilism but as well as early capitalistic views.
One of the negative impacts could possibly be the encouragement to wage more wars and conduct more raids against neighbors through the implications by European civilizations when demanding more slaves. Theoretically supported by the items of exchange, where kingdoms are provided with guns in exchange for slaves may prove this idea to not be totally sparked by insanity. Also, amongst the entire Atlantic slave trade Africa was the only continent to be affected by the loss of their population. There were not enough births in Africa to offset the number of people that would be shipped overseas. Leading to the disruption of the African nation 's cultures and economies impacting the development of African history.
Therefore each colony on exported a few different goods so they were subject to a rise in prices. According to Watson “most goods that newly independent countries exported earned less than the goods they imported. This imbalance- paying more for imports than a country earns in exports-drove many African countries into dept.”(Watson). By the European not caring about the better good of Africa they drove them right into dept... Going back to education, the new African leaders had no idea how to properly deal with a felling economy.