The liver is another organ that is affected by heart failure. “Heart failure can lead to a buildup of fluid that puts too much pressure on the liver. This fluid backup can lead to scarring, which makes it more difficult for your liver to function properly” ("Heart failure",
A heart attack can happen when there is a tear in the plaque, this triggers blood platelets and other substances start to form a blood clot at the site that blocks blood from being able to flow to the heart. This is the most frequent cause of heart attack. A slow buildup of plaque may narrow one of the coronary arteries so that it is almost blocked. The cause of heart attack is not always identified. Heart attacks can occur at anytime; when you are asleep or resting, after a sudden increase in physical activity, after sudden, severe emotional or physical stress, including illness.
Prerenal kidney failure causes could be any condition that reduces renal perfusion and causes a decreased glomerular filtration rate. If prerenal is identified and treated correctly, it may be reversible. Some conditions that may contribute to prerenal kidney failure are: fluid shifts related and secondary to burns, hypertension, and reduced cardiac output in patients with congestive heart failure. If the main cause continues to affect renal perfusion this may lead to ischemic damage to the nephrons (Ludwig, Mathews, Gregg 2012). Intrarenal kidney failure causes are actual damage to the nephrons and the functions of the tissues in the kidneys.
Atherosclerosis is a very serious condition that requires medical attention and a change in life style because it is a precursor to many dangerous and potentially fatal diseases. Atherosclerosis begins when the inner wall of the artery becomes damaged and cholesterol and fatty plaques begin to lodge in the arteries. Damage to the endothelial wall inside the artery can be caused by hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia (“Subclinical Atherosclerosis..” 443). When this happens, the immune system responds by sending monocytes to the damaged area. The monocytes turn into macrophages; their job is to eat up the excess cholesterol and unblock the artery.
Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type II diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use sugar. Type II diabetes accounts for 90 to 95% of diabetes. Type II diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions, due to an increased number of older Americans, and a greater prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles (Hoffman, 34-49).
Throughout the years, the plaque tends to get hard or can rupture. If hardened, the arteries are now narrow and have weakened the flow of blood that travels to the heart. Blood clots can form from the plaque rupturing which can cause a great chance for the blood flow to be mostly blocked or blocked altogether. There are other names for coronary heart disease such as coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, etc. What causes coronary heart disease?
The most are caused by a blood clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries. Blood platelets sick to tears in the plaque and form a blood clot that blocks blood from following to the heart. A slow buildup of this plaque may almost block one of your coronary arties. Plaque is made up of cholesterol and other cells. Some major complications of myocardial infraction is arrhythmia, heart...
If this problem is not treated right away, the portion of the heart fed by the artery will begin to die. Scar tissue will form on what was once health heart tissue. The heart damage may not be noticeable, or it may cause severe or long-lasting problems. (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) Another cause of heart attacks is due to a severe coronary artery spasm, this is this least common cause. Coronary artery spasms are brief temporary tightening or contraction of the muscles in the artery wall.
Coronary artery disease develops when your coronary arteries the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients become damaged or diseased. Cholesterol containing deposits or plaque on your arteries are usually to blame for coronary artery disease. When plaques build up, they narrow your coronary arteries, causing your heart to receive less blood. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.
HEART: Disease: Heart diseases are a leading cause of death throughout the world. Myocardial infarction with serious damage to the left ventricular function as well as valvular heart disease continue to affect many people causing morbidity and mortality (Weber et al. 2013). Valvuar heart disease includes a condition called valvular stenosis, where the tissues in the valves become stiffer and fails to open properly, resulting in the valve opening to become narrow. This causes the blood flow to lessen due to not being able to flow thoroughly, which may cause the body to not receive proper blood flow.