Cause And Effect Theory Descartes

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Descartes is a philosopher who wrote the Meditations establishing the existence of mind, matter, and God. He considers the problems of the sources and nature of knowledge; the validity of truth; the nature and destiny of man; the existence of god, and the creation of the universe. In his time conventional ideas were often being questioned and Descartes was eager to come across a new method for accessing the truth. His original view was that God created the universe and he resembles the mind because both do not need physical bodies to exist. If a belief can be doubted then it is not certain and does not make a good foundation. At first he considered authorities such as parents, teachers, priests, etc. but found that they are not good sources…show more content…
By applying this theory to his ideas, Descartes provides himself a foundation to judge between true existence and existence that is merely perceived. In order to show that ideas are subject to the cause and effect theory, Descartes points out a difference between formal and objective reality. Objective reality is the reality presented in a picture or idea and formal reality exists in the object of the picture or the idea. There cannot be more objective reality than actual reality; otherwise the surplus reality must come from nothing, which is impossible. Once this is established, Descartes extends his theory of cause and effect to metaphysical ideas. To complete this theory Descartes attempts to solve the problem of how ideas originate.. He does so by arguing that although ideas “ by their definition “ can only contain objective reality, that they must come from something that contains formal reality. Therefore there must be a first cause, which possesses more or the same amount of reality as the effect to pass reality onto the…show more content…
In the second meditation, Descartes proves that he does indeed exist. Because he exists, Descartes can now conclude that God is required for him exist. He confirms this by questioning what caused him to exist. He analyzes specific causes of his existence, such as himself, his parents, something less than God (or that he has several partial causes) or that he always existed. Although he disproves all of them, he applies the cause and effect theory to disprove only that his parents caused him or that he was caused by several partial

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