Causative Factors of the Revolutionary War

analytical Essay
1223 words
1223 words

Causative Factors of the Revolutionary War "What do we mean by the Revolution? The war? That was no part of the Revolution. It was only an effect and consequence of it. The revolution was in the minds of the people, and this was effected from 1760 to 1775, in the course of 15 years before a drop of blood was drawn at Lexington." — John Adams What did Adams mean? To begin with, an American inadvertently started the Seven Years War (1756-63), which Britain battled in every province of its Empire. It was none other than Lieutenant-Colonel Washington who had fired upon a French detachment near present-day Pittsburgh (Johnson 124). It is ironic that on that day Washington, who still sought British military post (Johnson 131), unknowingly set the stage for a colonial civil war against Britain. At that time Americans fought for British victory, since “Britain was a liberal state with a minimalist government and a tradition of freedom of speech, assembly, the press, and (to some extent) worship” (Johnson 125). Prior to 1758, colonists voluntarily fought the French in America without aid from Britain (Johnson 126). Britain’s victory secured it the largest land treaty in political history, which may have gone to their aristocrats’ heads (Johnson 127). With new land came a new breed of ignorant and inflexible statesmen, led by King George III. Unfortunately for Britain, the same generation in America was courageous and long-sighted, possessing many the virtues of the Enlightenment and few of its French intellectual weaknesses (Johnson 128). Early America was well educated in political philosophy. Every assembly knew Locke, who argued for a meritocracy, wherein a person has a right to her earned property, and every v... ... middle of paper ... ...ion in retrospect was concerned; he wrote in a flash of foresight, “I shudder at the thought, and there is no knowing where these calamities will end” (qtd. Johnson 150). Works Cited Bailyn, Bernard. Faces of Revolution: Personalities and Themes in the Struggle for American Independence. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1990. Cox-McGinn, Susan. “Lectures on United States History.” City College of San Francisco, September 2003. Johnson, Paul. A History of the American People. 1st ed. HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 1997. National Endowment for the Humanities. The Democracy Project. Viewed at City College of San Francisco, September 17, 2003. Roark, James L., Michael P. Johnson, Patricia Cline Cohen, Sarah Stage, Alan Lawson, Susan M. Hartmann. The American Promise: A History of the United States. Vol. 1. 2nd ed. Bedford / St. Martins, Boston, 2002.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how an american inadvertently started the seven years war (1756-63), which britain battled in every province of its empire.
  • Explains that britain's victory secured it the largest land treaty in political history, which may have gone to their aristocrats' heads. america was courageous and long-sighted, possessing many virtues of the enlightenment and few of its french intellectual weaknesses.
  • Analyzes how britain alienated land owners in america by regulating currency toward the advantage of the british real estate company london agents, robert cary & co.
  • Explains that the seven years war more than doubled the british national debt, owing largely to british bankers. george grenville demanded compliance to pre-existing customs duties with acts like the sugar or revenue act of 1764 and a new tax for only the american colonies.
  • Explains that parliament repealed the stamp act, but added to the problem with a declaratory act. this new act placed each citizen's money at stake, and their civil liberties at risk.
  • Explains how americans refused to pay taxes, riot, and massacre during the 1760s. in response to pontiac's rebellion, the paxton boys slaughtered indians, including christian and colonial laborers.
  • Analyzes how the 1770s accelerated the media war, for "the minds of the people." sixty young bostonians snowballed british soldiers; without orders, some soldiers opened fire.
  • Explains that the boston tea party was an "epoch of history" because of the crimes that britain had created that needed little gloss to infuriate republican or entrepreneurial americans
  • Explains that in 1774, parliament closed boston port and passed the coercive acts, which included compulsory quartering of british soldiers. the declaration and resolves asserted that only colonial assemblies could tax colonies
  • Explains that britain declared massachusetts in a state of rebellion, which authorized suspense of civil liberties. the same john adams recognized the revolution in retrospect was concerned.
  • Describes the works of bernard bailyn, susan cox-mcginn and paul johnson.
  • Explains roark, james l., michael p. johnson, patricia cline cohen, sarah stage, alan lawson, susan m. hartmann. the american promise: a history of the united states.
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