The Whig Government led Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1852 severely worsened the effects of The Irish Potato Famine; causing nearly one-eighth of the population to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine was much more destructive of human life than the majority of famines in history. In Ireland many was poor, and needed potato crops to keep from starving. Many also needed to harvest the potato crops to make money to pay their landlord rent for the plots that the tenants rented to keep from losing their land. The effects of the Irish Potato Famine were a tremendous impact on the economy of Ireland.
Through the eras of the Middle Ages, many Protestants demanded to have a personal relationship with God without the influence of the Catholic Church. The Protestants started to think for themselves as a religion, and Martin Luther first paved the way. Martin Luther first visited Wittenberg, Germany, and made a list of complaints that he had with the Catholic Church. A short while after, he published his list of complaints to the door of a German church, and they were called the Ninety-Five Theses. In response, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521.
The Famine of 1845 in Ireland led to extensive emigration, agricultural conflicts, and a changes in the Irish language and religious practices. There were two ways out of this Irish nightmare, death and emigration. People began leaving from every port in Ireland. In 1847, two-hundred and fifty thousand Irish men, women, and children left Ireland and the rate of emigration was continuing at the same level and sometime higher for the following four years (O’Grada 78). This massive emigration caused a permanent change in the population s... ... middle of paper ... ...ch, because their faith was all that was left after the famine.
America is the world’s melting pot. American heritage stems from all over the world. The Irish are the second largest group to immigrate to the United States, and they have left their mark on the American culture (Gavin 7). Kevin Kenny argues that “The Irish immigrants of the famine era were the most disadvantaged the United States had ever seen.” The Irish potato famine was caused by a fungus that caused the potato to rot in the ground. Between the years 1845 and 1850 over one million Irish died of starvation.
Nonetheless, the Irish famine is unique as the proportion of the population who either died or who were forced to escape from its effects was as high as thirty-five percent of the total population in 1850. To this day, the Irish population has never fully recovered, remaining half of pre-famine levels, thus showing Ireland is still socially scarred even in 2013. As a result, the famine is an event still discussed and debated today; influencing Irish politics and its position within the British Isles. Questions about morality and blame have led to historians to attempt to critique British and Irish response during the famine, whilst cataloging the short term and long-term consequences. Although most blame is primarily placed on the regional and national governments response to the famine crisis, the actions of the State do not provide an adequate analysis of early nineteenth century social structures which would shape Ireland both economically, socially and politically in the years before the famine.
In conclusion the potato famine effected not only those who lived in Ireland, but those in America too. The people that survived the crisis eventually returned their lives back to normal and were not physically harmed but rather emotionally scared with memories of wondering how much longer they were going to live. Also they remembered the whole scene with dead bodies every where and villages of which every resident was sickened and dying. The Americans were effected by this epidemic with the introduction of many diseases introduced to their country. Especially those in the New England area of the country, where most of the immigrants arrived who had seen how the famine over seas had such an impact on millions of people’s lives.
One hundred and fifty years after the famine, one can still see the effect of the famine in the world, in the number of Irish immigrants spread throughout, the treeless landscape of Ireland, the broken down home structures found along the countryside of Ireland, and the emergence of two countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. It is a fact that the British government did not do enough in aiding the Irish during the famine, which left hatred burning through the surviving Irish. Had the British government done more to help, perhaps not as much of the civil conflicts that occurred would have happened. The Potato Famine worsened the relationship between Britain and Ireland, ultimately leading up to the split of Ireland into two countries.
The Great Famine of 1845 With 3 million either gone or dead from the island of Ireland, 1845 was possibly the most painful year in its history. It was also obvious that something was afflicting Ireland, with the smell and sight of the crops. Death rate grew high, and immigration even higher during this time period of the famine. The Great Potato Famine of 1845 had a massive effect on Ireland in population decrease, the reactions of the people, and effects it had on the future of Ireland. One of the biggest, and nastiest, effects of the famine was population decrease.
After Catherine of Aragon failed to produce a male heir, Henry demanded a divorce from her. The Pope denied Henrys request which led to Henry dissolving all ties with the Roman Catholic Church and changed the direction of religion in England. Henrys VIII motives for change were for personal gain rather than changing religious beliefs (Christianity in Britain, 2011). A law was passed in 1534 allowing Henry VIII to declare himself the head of the new Church of England, this move allowed Henry VIII to divorce Catherine and... ... middle of paper ... ...z/kjb/canterbury_kjb/index.shtml Knight, M., & Mason, E. (2006). Nineteenth-Century Religion and Literature.
The Great Potato Famine occurred in Ireland beginning in the mid 1840’s to the late 1840’s and early 1850’s. This outbreak was caused by a fungus called Phytophthora Infestans. At the time of this outbreak occurred the potato was a staple in the diet of one-third of the Irish population. This outbreak caused many Irish citizens to immigrate to places like the United States of America. But among those that were not able to leave Ireland were the farmers and the other Irish citizens that could not afford to emigrate to another country and they also relied on the potato as a source of food.