This destroys our ozone layer and brings in too much UV rays onto the earth. There are many things that harm the ozone layer such as; cow’s flatulent and belches, factory smoke and the exhaust from all vehicles. These things, when released into the air start to break down the ozone layer and causes global warming. If we can reduce how much of this toxic air, that is being released into our atmosphere, we can slow down the decomposition of the ozone layer. This is why recycling may help stop global warming.
Acid rain is a detrimental issue that needs to be stopped before it causes more damage to our environment. Acid rain is caused by carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide mixing with the water molecules in the atmosphere, which can form mild solutions similar to carbonic, sulfuric, and nitric acid . Carbon dioxide is the highest cause of acid rain from natural causes due to it being environmentally present in higher concentrations than the others. Water will react with carbon dioxide in the air to form carbonic acid. The acid can then readily dissociate to give a positive hydrogen ion and a hydronium carbonate ion, therefore being able to lower the pH of rainwater, however not dangerously.
This was because, the burned of tetraethyl lead in an internal combustion engine produced toxic byproducts capable of neutralizing the catalyzing agents in the catalytic converter rendering it ineffective (Wiki). Catalytic converters are split up into two basic types: two-way and three-way. The two-way catalytic converter only performs the oxidation reaction (the addition of oxygen), converting carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide and converting hydro carbons into carbon dioxide and water. In contrast, the three-way catalytic converter not only performs the oxidation reaction but also performs a reduction reaction (the removal of oxygen), converting nitrogen oxides (such as nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and nitric oxide) into nitrogen and oxygen (SmogTips). The two-way catalytic converter was quite common tell about 1981 when the three-way catalytic converter replaced it in most automotive applications (Wiki).... ... middle of paper ... ... 2CarPros 2011.
The converters used on the smoke stacks prevent toxic byproducts entering the atmosphere, just as the converters would do for the automobile exhausts. The converters worked great for the smoke stacks in the industrial environment; however there was a major setback for the catalytic converters for automobile exhausts. The lead that was used in the gasoline back in that day, the early 1900’s, “damaged the catalyst and rendered the converter useless. (Adams & Dumas, n.d.). Eventually, in 1973, “the Environmental Protection Agency made leaded gasoline illegal” (Adams & Dumas, n.d.).
These ammonia gasses are the cause of haze and may also cause serious health problems. The catalytic converter not only hurts but also helps the environment. Automobiles that have this system on them produce close to 50% less hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and other gasses. (Converters 1) Which in the long run helps the ozone from depleting even more than it has already. Another problem we face is having vehicles with mercury light switches in the trunk and hood.
Chlorine reacts with ozone to form oxygen gas, O2,... ... middle of paper ... ...diation, so its role in the greenhouse cause effect isn’t too large of a problem. Ozone is a live giving molecule that we are destroying mindlessly all across the world. The release of chemicals into the environment such as carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons adds up and causes gigantic amounts of ozone to be depleted. With the use of Chlorofluorocarbons coming to a stop, and the public becoming more aware of pollution, I believe that ozone will be able to continue to be are shield from the dangers of the sun. Tentative Bibliography http://ozone.meteo.be/meteo/view/en/1547746-Formation+of+ozone.html http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/resources/highschool/chemmatters/past-issues/archive-2012-2013/ozone-layer-our-global-sunscreen.html http://www.acs.org/content/dam/acsorg/education/resources/highschool/chemmatters/chemmatters-september-2001.pdf
Oxygen is exploited as it plays a vital role in inhibiting the growth of anaerobic microorganisms, but unfortunately O2 promotes the growth of aerobic microbes. Whereas, carbon dioxide (CO2) is soluble in both water and lipids, but due to its property of becoming more soluble as temperatures decrease, the dissolution of CO2 in the product could potentially result in package collapse. The primary function of CO2 is that it is renowned for its bacteriostatic effect, and slowing down the respiration of many products (Cooksey, 2014). Therefore, it is evident that MAP would not work if one or more of the gases were not ... ... middle of paper ... ...ition 1. Practical Action.
In this experiment there are a few factors that can affect the results of the experiment. These factors can make the results of the experiment be incorrect. The factors that can affect the experiment are: 1 Water 2 Amounts of powder 3 Distance the flame is away from the metal carbonate Water can affect the results because it can get into the powder, which can speed up a reaction. If different amounts of the substance are used, then the results can be affected because the more amount of powder there is, the more carbon dioxide will be produced. Plan In this experiment I plan to use 1/500 of a mole.
Though human causes are principally responsible for acid deposition, natural sources such as fires, lightings, bacterial decomposition, and volcanic eruptions also enhance acid deposition. For instance, the eruption of Mount St Helen’ released sulfur dioxide as much as a coal burning power plant does in a year in 1980. Once sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides have been released into the air, they can be carried by ... ... middle of paper ... ... production is not enough for a country. Therefore scientists keep working on finding better solutions to reduce sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Apart from these, individuals can contribute to reduce acid deposition by using public transport, not wasting electricity, using polar power and batteries.
Acid rain destroys the outsides of buildings, statues, etc. Acid rain can also contaminate drinking water, damage vegetation, and destroy sealife. These two pollutants are two of the most dangerous pollutants released through car exhaust. If these two pollutants were cut down just a little bit our planet would be a safer place to live. Carbon dioxide is another gas released through exhaust emissions.