Castles have been, for many centuries, a symbol of great power and wealth. Originally built for protection, many designs of castles focused on defense mechanisms to keep the people of the land safe when under attack (McCulloch). William the Conqueror was the first ruler to bring castles to British lands after he invaded England from France. Building castles was the most efficient way for William to rule over his newly claimed land(Hull). Today, many people visit these castles to experience the greatness and very elaborate designs and tapestries throughout, but many visit also because they were once the sites for many epic battles and events in history.
They had to have some means of protection. The castles reached their fullest development in the medieval period, even though fortified building had been around much earlier. The castles created a feudal system, which gave them their greatest importance. The feudal system was divided into three classes: the knights and nobles, clergy, and peasants. The knights and nobles’ job was to defend society, the clergy was to pray, while the peasants had the duty to till the soil and support other classes (Collier’s Encyclopedia 532).
Medieval Period 1131 - 1500: One of the most significant renovations in the castles history took place in this period, the change from a wooden structure to stone. This change was due to developments in technology such as cannons and trebuchets, which could break through wooden walls easily. Many changes took place in 1136. The shell keep was a key defensive feature built in stone. It had a steep stairway that could only fit one person (wearing full armour).
A major difference between the two was that Carolingian architects used stone only for important buildings such as churches and castles. Their buildings and plans for unfinished buildi... ... middle of paper ... ...r own. The Medieval time period was an important era for the growth of culture throughout the entire world. We owe many innovations used in design, architecture and overall style to the works of the many artists that flourished in the middle ages. Each of the four periods of development were unique to one another, yet followed an overlying religious theme that defined the medieval times.
Then castles took over the British Isles quickly as it is thought that as many as 1000 castles of this type were built in the first few decades following the conquest. The Normans travelled the breath of the country looking for land which fitted the criteria for a motte and bailey castle. .A motte meant a large mound of earth with a tower or ‘keep’ on top of it. A bailey is recognised as the outer wall of the castle and a courtyard, which surrounded the keep. The two components were built on mounds.
Although Robert Smythson influenced by renaissance era especially English Gothic, stripped of most classical detail and accentuated by what little remains always can find in his work thus have innovative domestic buildings designed by him. Robert Smythson, who until now has been a shadowy figure among British architects, was an England architect. John Hooper Harvey and Mark Girouard FAS are inter... ... middle of paper ... ...rt are two more pavilions, with a gatehouse between them. Unusual features of Hardwick are the colonnades or loggias, not that these were new in England, these loggias were one of the main vehicles for displays of the classical ornament so fashionable in the 1560 and ‘70s. The comment given by Mark Girouard is ‘Hardwick hall is a non-courtyard house with loggias that it unlike most Elizabethan examples in that their openings are not arched, it’s massive cylindrical columns, of simple but effective design, support a horizontal entablature.’ The example to show that as the stonework shows, they were originally planned to run right round the house between the towers, making its plan at ground level a simple rectangle.
He and his Norman Lords built castles along the English countryside and claimed England as their own. From that point on, castles were chosen as the ideal building for protection throughout England. The word “Castle” in Latin (castellum) means “fortified place”. Motte and Bailey Castles Motte and Bailey castles were the first known castles to be built. The construction of these castles would create a trend that lasts until 1550 CE .
The castle was an important and very influential part of Medieval Europe’s culture and protection. The first castles built in England were constructed by the Normans during their in invasion in 1066. The only castles built in England before the Norman invasion were for Norman and French lords (Brown 16). The castle quickly became an important piece of European warfare as it provided very strong defenses and could not be breached easily with technology of the time period. The basic design
The building of a castle was a monumental task; it required many laborers and took many years to complete. When a lord had decided to build a castle, he would hire a Master Builder to design and build the castle. He would choose a design for the castle. The castle was meant to be the fortress of the lord so it had to be strong. Castles had many different types of defense to protect the Lord and his family.
Even if the lord had the funds to build the castle he needed many workers of different skills like carpenters, masons, diggers, quarrymen and blacksmiths. Although the outsides were large and impressive, the insides were ornate and elaborate. Castles had many rooms inside like a chapel, a keep, great halls and kitchens. The keep was the main residence of the ruling lord. It was made of stone and could be square or circular.