Traffic Safety The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) defines aggressive driving as "the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or property"—a traffic and not a criminal offense like road rage. Examples include speeding or driving too fast for conditions, improper lane changing, tailgating and improper passing. Approximately 6,800,000 crashes occur in the United States each year; a substantial number are estimated to be caused by aggressive driving. 1997 statistics compiled by NHTSA and the American Automobile Association show that almost 13,000 people have been injured or killed since 1990 in crashes caused by aggressive driving. According to a NHTSA survey, more than 60 percent of drivers consider unsafe driving by others, including speeding, a major personal threat to themselves and their families.
And the one of the most dangerous side of the cell phones is using it while driving. The research beginning to show that driving while simply talking on a cell phone has caused a lot of accidents in the following year. Based off of all the research in the past years shouldn’t cell phones be banned while driving? It can slows the reaction time. Study at the University of Utah that was published in the Psychological Science state that people who had conversations on any type of cell phone were twice as likely to hit the vehicle in front of them or hit brake and someone hit them from the
They say cell phones are the easiest way to communicate with one another remotely. Imagine how people could communicate with their family when they are far away, without cell phones? Cell phones give weather conditions. For example, if a person gets an alert or receives the weather condition on his or her cell phone, this helps to warn of situations on the roads. Cell phones help to record incidents like shooting, fighting, or crashes.
In addition, alcohol-related traffic accidents not only cause high death rates, but they cost society % 45 billion annually in hospital costs, rehabilitation expenses, and lost productivity (NHTSA 3). It also affects traffic safety, in that the amount of arrests of intoxicated drivers prevents the police from arresting other traffic violators. In 1995 more than 1.4 million people were arrested for driving under the influence, this totaled 10 percent of all arrests made in that year (Hingson 1).
Texting and driving has statistically become a top name in the distracted driving category. Sixty percent of all fatal crashes were due to distracted driving and out of 60 percent, 18 was caused by texting behind the wheel. Over the years, texting and driving has been compared to being equivalent, or even worse than driving under influence. Most people in America assume that drinking and driving is the main problem for fatal crashes when a problem just as big, maybe even bigger is sober people using handheld devices. If officers think that drinking and driving is so bad, why not stop drivers who are texting?
The legal blood alcohol level for driving is a maximum .08% if you are over the age of 21 and .02% for minors under the age 21. A first offence for driving while intoxicated is considered a class B misdemeanor. Class B misdemeanors can vary from 30 days up to six months in jail, up to $500 in fines, or both. A second offense within five years of the first violation is a class A misdemeanor and is serving up to 1 year in jail, a $1,000 fine, or both. A third conviction for DWI in your lifetime is a class D felony and you serve 4 years in prison, a $5,000 fine, or both.
With this notion, Ford explains why cars are more dangerous on the road; however, the types of cars that exist in present times are not the sole reason the road is more dangerous. John Pearson states, car accidents are the leading cause of death from ages three to thirty-five world-wide (Pearson). Mainly, drivers cause these car accidents. Cellphone usage in the US is one of the central contributors to car crashes, because the habits shaped from cellphone usage, such as texting generate danger. According to The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), more than 500,000 people were injured and 5,500 were killed by distracted driving in 2009 (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration).
Every 120 seconds a person is involved in a collision, every day 27 people are killed by a drunk driver, and every year thousands. In order to make these numbers drop dramatically, harsher, firmer laws need to be put in place. Everyone makes mistakes, however, a drunk driver will drive on average of 300,000 times before they are caught. That is 300,000 chances they are taking with not only their lives but every person they share the road with. Drunk driving deaths is among the top 5 things that kill in America.
Drunk driving takes 28 lives each day, which accumulates to over 10,000 people each year in just the United States (MADD Statistics). In 2011, 316 people died in Ohio due to drunk driving (The Century Council – Ohio). Alcohol by definition is “depressant derived from the fermentation of natural sugars in fruits, vegetables and grains” (What is Alcohol). Alcohol is considered a drug and in excess can be deadly not only to those consuming it but also to those around them. The higher one’s blood alcohol content, or BAC, is the more likely they are to hurt themselves and the people around them.
For example, visual (taking eyes from the road), manual (taking one or more hands off the wheel), and mental attention. Texing uses all this three different kinds of distractions. So, this speaks so round why drivers should not text and drive. In addition, statistics from International Telecommunication Union state that texting while driving results to vehicle clashes due to driver distraction. According to this statistics, there are about 1.6 million crashes in the United States every year where Cellphone was involved, of which 500,000 causes injuries and 6,000 causes fatilities.