The Big Three" hold nearly 75% of the market and produce over 8 million automobiles per year. The largest competitors of " The Big Three" are Japanese auto producers that include Toyota, Nissan, and Honda. These three foreign manufacturers hold 20% of the market and produce about 2.7 million automobiles per year. General Motors Company, the world's largest automobile producer, originally was composed of four major vehicle manufacturers- Buick, Cadillac, Oldsmobile, and Oakland which became Pontiac. Presently, General Motors is made up of Buick, Cadillac, Oldsmobile, Chevrolet, Pontiac, and Saturn.
In the U.S., as of 2006, the industry included about 21,200 new-car dealerships, 1.07 million manufacturing employees and 1.12 million retail new and used car dealership employees. Total revenues at new-car and light truck dealers exceed $675 billion, according to NADA. The years of 2004 through 2006 will long be remembered as a pivotal period in the automobile industry. It was a period during which high gasoline prices started a sea change among U.S. consumers that is finally creating significant demand for fuel-efficient vehicles. Gasoline prices of approximately $2.00 per gallon started taking a huge bite out of family budgets in 2004, and many middle-class consumers who owned fuel guzzling SUVs and pickup trucks began to wish they had vehicles that were much less expensive to operate.
Introduction Toyota is Japan's biggest car company and the second largest in the world after General Motors. It produces an estimated eight million vehicles per year, about a million fewer than the number produced by GM. The company dominates its home market, with about 40% of all new cars registered in 2004 being Toyotas. Toyota also has a large market share in both the United States and Europe. It has significant market shares in several fast-growing South East Asian countries.
Automotive industry began in the 1890s in the United States. As a result of the domestic market size and the use of mass-production, the industry grew so quick into the largest in the world. The United states is the second largest automobile manufacture in the world by volume with over eleven million manufactured in 2014 according to a survey conducted by Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d 'Automobiles (OICA). Though the industry began with hundreds of manufacturers, but by the end of 1920s it was dominated by three large companies namely General motors, Ford and Chrysler. By 1950 The U.S produced almost three quarters of all automobiles in the world.
Thanks to GM, many of the popular vehicle brands that are available, they have produced. You can understand how vital GM has been to the automotive world when you find out that “it was the world’s largest car maker from 1931 to 2008, when it was surpassed by Toyota” (Costantini). The history of GM dates back to 1908. At this time or to be more specific on September 16, GM was founded in Flint, Michigan, by William C Durant (General Motors Company, 2011). The company started as Durant-Dot Carriage Company which started in 1886 and by 1900 was producing over 100,000 carriages a year (Flint).
Four out of every ten employees of these three companies work here in America. The other 13 auto makers average about 5 out of every 100 employees work in America. These numbers come from the American Automotive Policy Council. One can see that these Big Three have a big influence in America. The automobile has been an icon in America for over a century.
Their chapter 11 petition was filed in the federal court in Manhattan, New York and “according to GM 's bankruptcy filing, the company has assets of $82.3 billion, and liabilities of $172.81 billion. That would make GM the fourth largest U.S. bankruptcy on record, according to Bankruptcydata.com” (CNN Money). Just to put into prospective how gargantuan this company was at the time, “until 2008, when it was overtaken by Toyota, GM was the world 's biggest carmaker, producing well over 9m cars and trucks a year in 34 different countries. It has 463 subsidiaries and employs 234,500 people, 91,000 of them in America, where it also provides health-care and pension benefits for 493,000 retired workers. In America alone, it spends $50 billion a year buying parts and services from a network of 11,500 vendors and pays $476m in salaries each month”(The Economist), so it is easy to understand by looking at that data that the fallout of this company failing would have been astronomical on the already depressed economy.
Other efforts to become more competitive have translated into the European Union dropping trade barriers and European carmakers employing cost reducing efforts. American manufacturers have seen 2-3% growth over the last few years. Some current trends are the explosion in popularity of the Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) and big luxury vehicles. In the future the global car market is full of potential. There are currently 44 million vehicles and by the year 2002 experts estimate that number will grow to 64 million.
Ford Motor Company Address: The American Road Dearborn, Michigan 48121, USA Public Company Incorporated: July, 1918 Employees: 383,300 Sales: $62.17 billion Stock Index: New York, Boston, Pacific Midwest, Toronto, Montreal, London Until recently, the Ford Motor Company has been one of the most dynastic of American enterprises, a factor which has both benefited the company and has brought it to the brink of disaster. Today Ford is the second largest manufacturer of automobiles and trucks in the world, and it’s operations are well diversified, both operationally and geographically. The company operates the worlds second largest finance company in the world, and is a major producer of tractors, glass and steel. It is most prominent in the US, but also has plants in Canada, Britain and Germany, and facilities in over 100 countries. Henry Ford I, the founder of Ford Motor Company, was born on a farm near Dearborn, Mi in 1869.
(Gordon) Although having a Model T, was a sign of wealth, it was awfully cheaper than other cars being manufactured by the other manufactures. The Model T was different from all other cars being made at the time because Ford found a way to make his car affordable. The Low Price of the Model T sent a boom around the nation. "Over the next 19 years, Ford would build 15,000,000 automobiles with the Model "T" engine, the longest run of any single model apart from the Volkswagen Beetle." (www.hfmgv.org) "In 1900 America produced 4,100 automobiles; in 1908, the year of the Model T's advent, the number had risen to 63,500; in 1909 it had nearly doubled, to 123,900.