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Carl Rogers and George Kelly's Views on Nature and Development

Powerful Essays
Carl Rogers and George Kelly's Views on Nature and Development

Many consider the science of psychology an attempt to create a

comprehensive theory of personality and therefore be able to explain

why people are alike in some ways and different in others (Jourard,

1974). In so doing, varying schools of thought have evolved. Carl

Rogers and George Kelly have been deemed by peers as having similar

overall views regarding personality, but practicing different methods

(Pervin, 1989).Their approaches to personality can be defined as

humanistic, which describes the view of accepting the 'human

qualities' of the individual; that man is born with an inherent

potential for self-actualization (Hergenhahn & Olsen, 1999). Such an

approach steers away from the idea that man is a robot, who is the

total product of outside forces, as the Behaviourist would maintain;

or that man simply results from the interaction of primal drives and

the demands of community, a belief held by many Freudians. This paper

will begin with a comparison of Kelly’s and Rogers’ theories of the

nature and development of personality and will continue with a

recommendation as to which therapist would be best suited to an 18

year old after a major life change. Rogers and Kelly are both well

known figures in the field of humanistic psychology. Each independent

theory is logical and applicable in varied circumstances and has had a

tremendous impact on the theory of personality (Roazen, 1992). In an

aim to draw similarities and contrasts of both theories and to provide

an independent account on which theory appea...

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..., post modern, and George

Kelly's personal construct psychology. American Psychologist, 56(4),

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Rogers, C. R. (1951). Client-centred therapy: It's current practice,

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Rogers, C. R. (1959). A theory of therapy, personality, and

interpersonal relationships, as developed in the client-centred

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Rogers, C. R. (1973). My philosophy of interpersonal relationships and

how it grew. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 29, 115-123.

Rogers, C. R. (1987). The underlying theory: Drawn from experience

with individuals and groups. Counselling and Values, 32, 38-46.

Winter, D. G. (1996). Personality: Analysis and interpretation of

lives. New York: McGraw Hill.
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