This methodology of studying history is indeed a retracting and unmasking process in which society and culture convey the history of a particular country or region as the Caribbean. In order to fully grasp the intricacies and complexities of Caribbean one must scrutinize and in a sense deconstruct the social and cultural fibers of the Caribbean. The remnants of colonialism in the Caribbean have created a history manifested in the imagery of society and culture. History in the Caribbean can be unveiled in skin tones and rumbas. The history of the Caribbean lives in architecture as well as behind church doors.
Caribbean Culture and the Way it Formed One of the greatest debates that exists today about the Caribbean is the condition of the socio-culture of the people. Sidney Mintz, Antonio Benitz-Rojo, and Michelle Cliff are three authors that comment on this problem in their writings. They discuss whether there is a lack of identify, unity and culture in the lives of Caribbean people. They examine a culture which was created out of the chaos of slavery, colonialism and the integration of cultures that span from Africa to India. Exploration by the authors is taken from two different views, one by Mintz and Rojo where they are looking on the culture from outside and the other by Cliff who depicts the situation from inside.
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate how the novel “Oroonoko” by Aphra Behn creates an accurate picture of the triangular slave trade in Europe, Africa and the Caribbean in the seventeenth century. Although, in order to create an accurate reflection
It is within this context of understanding the current social and racial strife in Jamaica that Michelle Cliff presents the intimate relationship between past and present. Michelle Cliff, in an ontological manner attempts to unmask the current phenomena of racial strife in Jamaica by considering and examining the disdainful legacies of slavery brought upon by ruthless European colonialism in the Americas. Cliff, like many of the historians, sociologists, and economists which we have encountered in our study of Caribbean history, is partaking in an unmasking process of the Jamaican society in her literature in order to reconcile a ravaged Jamaican and Caribbean identity. Ultimately, Michelle Cliff’s desire to make sense of the Caribbean’s intricate social and cultural mosaic prompted her to "look back," and, as she states in her essay: To try and locate the vanishing point: where the lines of perspective converge and disappear. Lines of color and class.
He addresses the "no connections" arguments in chapters 6, 7 and 8. He outlines the claims made by scholars Franklin Frazier, Stanley Elkins, Sidney Mintz and Richard Price. Frazier and Mintz believe that the extreme trauma and disruption experienced by Africans during the process of enslavement and the middle passage minimized the possibility that they maintained aspects of their cultures in the new world. They argue that this process "had the effect of traumatizing and marginalizing them, so that they would became cultural receptacles rather than donors" (152). Mintz and Price have argued the slave trade had the effect of "permanently breaking numerous social bonds that had tied Africans together..." (153).
Klein explains how the domestic consensus after 1879 (during the Third Republic) was anti-slavery, which forced the local administrators to deceive France that emancipat... ... middle of paper ... ...ocial statuses to define their power over those of a slave background. This was especially true in the sense that some slaves became wealthier than their masters. There is one main weakness of the book and it concerns where information has come from. The main problem is that throughout the book, Klein argues that the local administrators had a history to distort much of the information. However with facts that Klein present, such as the number of slaves that fled in 1905, it is hard to see them as reliable on this basis.
Will Britain ever apologize or pay our predecessors ‘back pay’? In Britain’s Black Debt, Beckles gives us a glance inside the era of “Barbarity Time” which warrants the call for reparations. Over the years social pioneers, government ministers and black activists have sought reparations from the Europeans to no avail. However, Beckles made it known that this book concentrates specifically on obtaining reparations from Britain only for the recruitment, transatlantic shipment and enslavement of Africans. The book has two components, part one and two.
Clifton's slav... ... middle of paper ... ...Equiano at the end of Chapter Two. He says, "O, ye nominal Christians might not an African ask you, learned this from your God, who says unto you, Do unto men as you would men should do unto you" (p 161). In order to give an accurate depiction of life during the Atlantic Slave Trade, contemporary African ‚American writers must research and read to find out exactly how life was for those enslaved. The opinions and thoughts of those who endured and survived this wretched time are valuable pieces of information about what was happening. Modern writers, such as Lucille Clifton, adapt from previous writers.
Professor Sir Hilary McD. Beckles is a Barbadian historian and scholar who is currently Principal and Pro-vice Chancellor at the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados. He also serves as Vice-President to the International Scientific Committee of the UNESCO Slave Route Project and is a member of the International Advisory Board of The Cultures and Globalization Series. He is a major spokesperson in the fight for reparations by the Europeans for crimes committed against humanity that is the transatlantic slave trade and enslavement of the African people. He is also the author of several other books namely A History of Barbados: From Amerindian Settlement to Nation-State, Centering Woman: Gender Discourses in Caribbean Slave Society and Natural Rebels: A Social History of Enslaved Black Women in Barbados.
In Lei 8) Some incidents in the text can stand as incidents that really took place during slavery in America. Beloved clearly conceptualizes American history. Most apparent in the novel is the historical perspective: Morrison constructs history through the acts and consciousness of African American slaves through the perspective of the dominant white culture (Krumholz 107). Morrison wrote the text to recover the stories of slavery from the point of view of slaves in order to remind African Americans of their past. To achieve this, she depends on the African American oral culture and mythology adapted from the West African culture.