Carbohydrates And Lipids Essay

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Carbohydrates and Lipids
Unit 2: Biochemistry of Macromolecules
Humera Ishafaq Carbohydrates and Lipids
Introduction
Carbohydrates are the most numerous classes of bio-organic compounds in the biological sphere. The element forms a great percentage of the earth’s biomass, from tiny cells components to the food consumed for metabolic energy. Better understanding of carbohydrate molecules and their formations is of significance. In organic chemistry, monosaccharide’s is the simplest unit of carbohydrates represented in the Fischer projection, Haworth and the chair conformation of D-glucose. Lipids, on the other hand, are molecules made of hydrocarbons that formulate the building units of the structure and performance of living cells. Fats can be divided into two categories namely, soluble and non-soluble lipids. Examples of lipids include oils, fats, some vitamins, hormones, waxes and most proteins. The manuscript within is a
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These compounds have their structures range from linear to highly branched compounds. Examples of storage polysaccharide include, starch and glycogen and structural polysaccharide include cellulose and chitin. Cellulose is a significant polysaccharide as it is the most abundant organic compound in the world. It is made up of the sturdy cell wall that surround plant cells making plant stems, roots, leaves and branches strong. Chewing of plant produce such as salad takes a lot of time and strength due to the effect of cellulose. The rigid structure gives support to the plants position. Additionally, the active nature enables the existence of the paper, lumber and cotton fabric. It is due to this strength that cellulose is used in large number of synthetic products such as carpet thickening and agents in shampoo (Salter, Tucker, & Wiseman,
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