Cancer Essay

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Introduction Cancer, the big “C”, is a broad term used for many different diseases. Cancer is a term that describes abnormal cell growth. Neoplasia is a “new growth”, usually defined as abnormal. This growth can be benign, a simple tumor that is easily treated based on location and symptomatology or the growth may be malignant. A malignant neoplasm, cancer, is defined by the nature of the cell growth. The National Cancer Institute presents that there are more than 100 different types of cancer, most named for their organ or cell type of origination. The broader categories of cancer types, per the National Cancer Institute are: • Carcinoma - cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. There are a number of subtypes of carcinoma, including adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma. • Sarcoma - cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. • Leukemia - cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. • Lymphoma and myeloma - cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. • Central nervous system cancers - cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord. (2014) Diagnosing and staging of this disease process is the first step toward deciding on and beginning treatment, dealing with the complications and sequelae, and beginning the journey toward living with your cancer diagnosis. Diagnosis The diagnosis of cancer is not a simple process, but it is essentially folows similar paths for each type of cancer. In many cases, the process begins with patients ... ... middle of paper ... ... and support to help them live with their illness. Reference National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health. (2014) Defining Cancer Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer Copstead, L., Banasik, J. (2013) Pathophysiology. 5th edition. St. Louis, MO. Elsevier. Retrieved from https://pageburstls.elsevier.com/#/books/978-1-4557-2650-9/pages/66702744 National Instiutes of Health. (2014) Erythropoietin test. MedlinePlus. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/anemia.html American Cancer Society. (2013) Retrieved from www.cancer.org Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Invasive Cancer Incidence-United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (2014) 63, 253-259. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6312a1.htm

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