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Cancer Essay

explanatory Essay
1188 words
1188 words
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Cancer
Cancer is a broad category of the disease characterized by undefined outgrowth of cells that divide uncontrollably to form nasty tumors within an individual. The cancerous cells causing the tumors grow and divide creating new blood vessels to feed themselves in a process called angiogenesis (Veeratterapillay, 2012). The tumors often spread to other parts of the body swiftly due to the unregulated growth and dividing of the cells through the bloodstream or the lymphatic systems in the body (National Cancer Institute, 2014). These tumors grow relatively, destroy the health tissues in the body, and create interferences creating interferences that alter with normal body functions such as such as the digestive and the nervous system. The most vulnerable parts in the body that can easily beget the tumors include the breasts, lungs, cervices, colon, and rectum. However, not all tumors formed in the body are cancerous but may be resulted from other conditions affecting the body systems (Veeratterapillay, 2012). Such tumors do not spread all over the body since they do not invade the neighboring tissues within the body. These kinds of tumors do not influence the normal functioning of the body systems and are not harmful to the body.
During the initial stages of cancer, it is difficult to detect physical symptoms and thus requires the undertaking of various screening tests to establish the presence of the cancerous cells within the body. Symptoms associated with cancer vary and are dependent on the body part affected by the cancerous cells and the magnitude of the tumors (Chan, 2013). In case of breast cancer, the symptoms are felt and seen as lumps while in oral cancer, the symptoms are characterized by the presence of white ...

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...y by weakening the body cells. Another treatment method for cancer is using immunotherapy, which targets the body immunization systems that contribute to the fighting of medical conditions (Chan, 2013). Immunotherapy methods translate to the injection of chemicals into the affected systems in the body. This is to boost the bodily immunity as that may contribute to increased ejection of the cancerous cells in the body (Costa‐Requena, 2013). Another common treatment plan for cancer is using gene therapy. However, this treatment plan is used in cases where cancer occurs due to the genetic combination meaning that it is inherited (Costa‐Requena, 2013). The focus is to replace the depleted genes that contribute to cancer in the body with genes that work and promote regular bodily functions. This contributes to the removal of the cancerous cells in the body.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that cancer is a broad category of the disease characterized by undefined outgrowth of cells that divide uncontrollably to form nasty tumors within an individual.
  • Explains that the symptoms associated with cancer vary depending on the body part affected by the cancerous cells and the magnitude of the tumors.
  • Explains that cancer is one of the major causes of deaths in the world amongst men and women.
  • Explains that cancerous cells can affect any system within the body regardless of importance in bodily functions.
  • Explains that the method of treatment for cancer depends on the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer in the body.
  • Explains that chemotherapy is a treatment method that is used in the treatment of cancer.
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