Cancer, Cancer And Treatment Of Cancer

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“Since 1990, over 6 million Americans have died of cancer, more than the combined casualties from the Civil war, WWII, and the Vietnam and Korean conflicts combined” (Faguet, p. 5). According to American Cancer Society projections, there were 1,529,560 new cases of cancer in 2010. Cancer is becoming more and more common around the world. New cancers are constantly being discovered. Researchers are finding new ways to detect cancer and treat it so that the fatality rate does not rise. However, there are some cancers that researchers have not yet discovered a cure for. It is very important for Cancer Research to continue so that one day these cancers will no longer be a treat.
Though there are many types of cancers, there are four main cancers that effect today’s society. These cancers include prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and colon/rectum cancer. Of the 1,529,560 new cases of cancer in 2010, 217,730 were prostate cancer, 209,060 were female breast cancer, 222,520 were lung cancer, and 142,570 were colon/rectum cancer. The majority of people who have cancer will have one of these types of cancer.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. This cancer effects a gland only in males called the prostate. This gland can be found in below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The purpose of the prostate is to make a portion of the fluid that protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen. The urethra runs through the prostate and carries urine and semen out through the penis.
Almost all prostate cancers develop form the gland cells in the prostate that make the seminal fluid. While some prostate cancers can grow rapidly, most are slow grow. This cancer can grow so slow that older men who have died from othe...

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...obules, paget disease of the nipple, which starts in the breast ducts and spreads into the nipple, and inflammatory breast cancer, which makes the breast very tender to the touch instead of forming a lump.
Breast cancer I often caused by inheritance. A mutated gene for breast cancer is passed down to other generations. This makes a person for likely to acquire breast cancer. Some breast cancer is caused by acquired mutations to the breast tissue from radiation, or cancer-causing chemicals. The most common treatment for breast cancer is surgery. This is the removal of partial, or all of the affected breast. This can seem like drastic measures for most women because they are having a part of them that makes them women taken away. Therefore, other forms of treatment include, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and bone-directed therapy.

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