I. Topic: Egalitarianism II. Definition: Egalitarianism is a protean doctrine. Egalitarian believe in equality of all human beings. In addition, people should get the same, or be treated the same, or be treated as equals, in some respect (Arneson, 2013) a.
For one to exhibit justice, one must portray the quality of being fair and reasonable in all situations. While egalitarians evaluate justice based on equality, utilitarians are only interested in justice as a means to an end. Smart advocates the principle of utility, which defines the morally action as whatever produces the greatest net happiness for everyone affected by that act. To identify an act as ‘just,’ Rawls employs the theory of justice as fairness. This theory stresses the principle of equal rights, and that an act is ‘just’ if equality is realized by everyone affected by the act.
So, we need equality again… In Locke's view, in the state of nature it is impossible to maintain an absolute peace. According to him the existence of conflicts between people is possible. So in terms of equality between people, everyone has right to punish another (chp:2 P.264). In the state of nature there are no independent judges, everyone is a judge because of equality. But in terms of self-preservation, it is necessary that people should preserve the Property, which includes their lives, liberties and estates.
“Lawfulness” simply just translates to the quality of conforming to law and being allowed as well as recognized by the law. Rightfulness and lawfulness gives an individual the claims and the rights to recognize and follow the law, just like a contract. Following the law gives an individual a right to express entitlement to whatever or whoever it may be. In the Middle English Dictionary (1969), the meaning of justice also interprets to as “the four cardinal virtues, righteousness, where by one renders to others their due and holds oneself in conformance with moral or divine law.” “Moral” concerns the principles between right and wrong behavior of a person, which also suggests what identifies being acceptable and not acceptable to do. Moral a virtue of justice that which our morals entitle us to feelings of fairness and unfairness.
The first principle is about ensuring that everyone individual is given the most basic resources to ensure the compatibility with others of the society. The second principle speaks of creating a context to which social and economic positions. Both theorist have different interpretations of the liberty that and individual has and due to this creating major differences in how they view society as a whole as well as the individual , government’s role in society , justice , freedom and social good and or social we... ... middle of paper ... ...asic structure of society. His concepts of this is that justice is fairness , for society’s based upon social institutions being fair to all cooperating individuals of society, regardless of their race , gender , religion, class origin. “Rawls also emphasizes publicity as an aspect of fairness.
Socrates does not appear to hold a consistent epistemological view through out the book. The book is timely. It appears shortly following the death of Gregory Vlastos, who stimulated much of the philosophical interest in this area, and thus at a moment when the future of that interest might be in some doubt. But by offering consistently challenging and novel interpretations, and by arguing clearly and vigorously for their positions with reference both to the texts and to the work of other scholars, the authors guarantee a continuing debate on the topics. It is certainly one of the best introductions there is to Socratic thought, together with Vlastos' Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher and posthumous companion volume Socratic Studies, Terence Irwin's Plato's Moral Theory, and (for a very different approach) Leo Strauss's long essay "The Problem of Socrates" in The Rebirth of Classical Political Rationalism.
Human Rights Human Rights are the rights that are believed to belong justifiably to every person. “Human rights are what reason requires and conscience demands. They are us and we are them. Human rights are rights that any person has as a human being. We are all human beings; we are all deserving of human rights.
In John Rawls’ “Theory of Justice,” he describes important aspects of justice that are often times overlooked when trying to contain the controversy of justice. The main contribution that Rawls has to offer for equality and justice is his two principles of justice. The two principles of justice apply to the basic structure of society and govern rights and duties and attempt to help regulate the distribution of social and economic advantages. The first principle says that each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive scheme of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar scheme of liberties for others. This first principle has the ability to make the basic liberties of Americans equal, due to its emphasize on the topic of equality
Human Rights (Universal Declaration) is an inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled to, simply because she/he is a human being. It shows that they are universal because they can apply to everyone and they can be the same rights that each person can be seeking or fighting to get in their life, which brings us to learn more about universality and incontrovertibility of human rights difference. Universality is the assumption that if human rights exist, they necessarily belong to each and every one of us whereas, Incontrovertibility is a way of making a claim which is often closely interwoven with the claim to universality, but is actually quite distinct from it (something that is unchangeable and true). Comparatively,
The Declaration of Independence sets forth many moral laws for the government to follow. The first example can be found within the first few lines of the document. It states, “that all men are created equal.” This ensures that all individuals are endowed with equal unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property. The equality set by law, as stated, must secure those rights. The Founder’s saw equal rights and law the foundation to justice, and without it, a nation could fall to tyranny.