Is the American Approach better than Canters? The American approach to offender profiling according to Webber (2009, p42) is a method based on interviewing convicted serial killers, to see how they describe their offending. They then use that information to look at crime scenes to see what type of person might have committed the offences as mentioned previously. This style of offender profiling is associated with that of the FBI’s behavioural science unit (Webber 2009, p42). Holmes and Holmes (2002 cited in Webber 2009, p42) assert that serial killers tend to be white males, between 25 and 34, intelligent or ‘street smart’ charming and charismatic with an interest in police work.
Messner, Steven F. and Richard Rosenfeld. 2001. "An Institutional-Anomie Theory of Crime" in Paternoster and Bachman(Eds.) Explaining Criminals and Crime. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.
Investigations of these horrendous crimes can sometimes be hindered by publicity; if the chief of police is under pressure to get answers out to the press, important information or strategies may be leaked and would cause more problems for police (Dietz 478). (Mass, Serial and Sensational Homicides) Serial killers, who reach ten or more victims in ten or more separate incidents, only ever kill strangers. They are able to achieve this staggering number of victims simply by not being caught. Usually this involves perfect execution, a well-known public figure persona, or mobility (Dietz 483). Unlike random killings in general, serial killers prefer strangulating, beating, or stabbing, instead of shooting their victims.
Forensic science includes blood spatter analysis, crime scene reconstruction, and autopsy evidence. Empirical behavioral research identifies offender typologies, relates crime behaviors to suspect identifiers, and determines base rates” (Cook & Hinman, 1999, p. 239). Criminal profiling is the main subject of many books, television shows, and movies for entertainment purposes, which is why it is typically more fiction than fact. I think that this could be a logical reason as to why criminal profiling is so widely used and why it is largely misunderstood and misinterpreted. Movies and television shows portray criminal profiling as 100% accurate and widely accepted.
Academic Press, 1999, 451 pp 2. Douglas, J., & Olshaker, M. (1995). Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit. New York: Scribner. 3.
277-290. Print. Douglas, John E., and Mark Olshaker. Obsession: The FBI's legendary profiler probes the psyches of killers, rapists, and stalkers and their victims and tells how to fight back. New York, NY: Scribner, 1998.
Profiling Possible Suspects Although there have been many proposals offered to the logic behind criminals and how they act, the significance of profiling possible suspects are stressed upon by law enforcement in order to achieve and maintain a way to justify the means. Profiling any possible suspects clearly demonstrates that numerous types of individuals follow oth... ... middle of paper ... ...critical facts would be deemed as irrelevant. References Alison, L., Bennell, C., Mokros, A., Ormerod, D. (2002) The Personality Paradox in Offender Profiling: A Theoretical Review of the Processes Involved in Deriving Background Characteristics from Crime Scene Actions. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1101296/The_Personality_Paradox_in_Offender_Profiling Ford, R.E. (2013).
Retrieved from http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title35/ar36/ch3.html Beller, L. (2011, August). The making and unmaking of a criminal. Retrieved from http://insight-magazine.org/2011/headline/the-making-and-unmaking-of-a-criminal/ Freberg, L. (n.d.). What is undoing?. Retrieved from http://psych.answers.com/psychoanalysis/what-is-undoing Farlex.
Being a criminal profiler is not like it is on all the television shows, but it is still an interesting and important job. Criminal profilers have been used to close many police and federal cases. They work in several homicide cases involving rape, racial killings, brutal killings, and involving serial killers. They help make it easier for the police to find the right person by examining the crime scene. Being a criminal profiler is a tough job but with hard work and dedication it is a great career choice.
Serial killers have many frightening facets. The most frightening thing about them is that experts still do not know what makes a human become a serial killer. Many experts believe serial killers become what they are because they have a genetic disposition or brain abnormality while other experts believe that a serial killer is created by childhood abuse; and some other experts believe that it is a combination of both brain abnormalities and abusive childhood experiences that creates a serial killer. A murderer is considered a serial killer when they “murder three or more persons in at least three separate events with a “cooling off period” between kills” (Mitchell and Aamodt 40). When defining a serial killer, their background, genes, and brain are not mentioned; perhaps one day those aspects of the serial killer can be included.