The Khmer Rouge years was a period of time that devastated all of the small country Cambodia, a story that was so well told by Loung Ung about the Pol Pot regime. The Khmer Rouge years was from 1975 to 1979 (http://www.cambodiatribunal.org). The Khmer Rouge, otherwise known as Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), conquered Cambodia for four years. The Khmer Rouge forced people to work in the fields including children. To make matters worse, the people that were forced to work were also malnourished and were living in grim conditions (http://www.wcl.american.edu).
The terrible events left emotional scars and traumatized countless people. In the 1960’s a group named the Khmer Rouge surfaced, but was with few members. They were led by Pol Pot, a man who would soon bring terror to all Cambodians. Their goal was to bring Cambodia into a primal state, where everyone would work as laborers. When the 1970’s came, Cambodia found themselves in the middle of the Vietnam War and soon found their country facing a civil war (Genocide in Cambodia 1).
A massive loss of life for the creation of a demilitarized zone at the 38 Parallel came at too great a cost. And nearly three years after Korea in 1956, when the French were pulling out of Vietnam the United States began training South Vietnamese troops to fight the North. Over the next eight years Vietnam sim... ... middle of paper ... ...given a Presidential pardon by his successor, Gerald Ford. In 1973, the peace talks with the Vietnamese would finally reach a cease fire, and the US military would finally pull out of Vietnam. A year later, the North Vietnamese had reneged on the peace treaty and invaded South Vietnam and by 1976 had unified Vietnam as one Communist state.
The CPK established the political party of Democratic Kampuchea in 1976 and administered the country until January 1979. In 1975 Khmer Rouge declared Year Zero, where all culture and traditions in Cambodia were abolished or eliminated, while a new revolutionary culture replaced it. This meant that they had to start all over again as if nothing had existed. All these actions changed Cambodia completely, and until this day they’re trying to recover from all the damage done. The Khmer Rouge concurred Cambodia by completely destroying civilizations and killing about two million people in the process, resulting to the psychological scars that remain within Cambodians till this day.
Cambodia is a country in the eastern region of Asia between surrounding neighboring countries Thailand at the North West, Vietnam at the east, and Laos situated at the northern section. Cambodia has a dark past that many people of today’s society aren’t aware of. A past so appalling it is even having effects on the country today. Cambodia is a country home to one of the most atrocious acts that have ever occurred in the world. During the 1970’s Cambodia was plagued by an act of genocide at the hands of the Khmer Rouge so horrendous that it nearly decimated the entire populace of Cambodia.
Pol Pot then created his own communist party known as Khmer Rouge with him being the leader. Khmer Rouge translated to Red Cambodians, and Pol Pot engaged a guerrilla war against the government in behalf of them having more powe... ... middle of paper ... ...urred he lost his control of being the leader of Khmer Rouge in the 1990’s. Pol Pot then died of a heart attack in 1998. This was after his arrest, but before he could go on trial for the awful slave labor and commands that resulted in many deaths that he was involved in. The people of Cambodia were relieved because “with the imminent end of Pol Pot, Cambodia can finally turn one of the darkest pages in its history” (Whitelaw 1).
Reasons for United States' Involvement in Vietnam In this essay I will be writing about why America got involved in the Vietnam War, between the 1950s to the 1960s. This was a steady and slow process with many deaths all because of communism. It was very costly and bloody. This essay will focus on political reasons, military reasons and economy reasons. Firstly the political reasons.
Pol Pot was a communist leader in Cambodia from 1975-1979, who brought great destruction and terror to his country and to his people. After Pol Pot gained political control he turned Cambodia into a communist nation. Pol Pot brought devastation to Cambodia through the use of a group named the Khmer Rouge which he used to take control and to install fear into the people of Cambodia. As the leader of Cambodia, Pol Pot destroyed all of Cambodia’s political, economical, and social aspects. Pol Pot’s goal of a classless society in Cambodia was achieved through the use of the Khmer Rouge to install distress of the people in Cambodia.
Genocide is “the deliberate systematic murder of a certain race, ethnic group, or even a nation.” To a very high extent the mass killings in Cambodia can be considered as genocide because the Khmer Rouge deliberately and systematically attempted to destroy the people of Cambodian people. After the deposition of Cambodian president Lon Nol the Khmer Rouge wasted no time in imposing their will on the country. Within days of overthrowing the previous government the Khmer rouge forced the civilians of Cambodia to leave their homes to go and work as unpaid labourers on a collection of farms. No one was shown mercy upon; the very old, sickly and very young were all sent. If they failed to move quickly e... ... middle of paper ... ...t between two groups of civilians within a country.” The killings that took place in Cambodia by the Khmer Rouge cannot be considered as a civil war.
The United States of America used a giant lie of freedom, democracy, and a communism scare to invade Vietnam. According to A People’s History of the United States by Howard Zinn, the U.S. is only interested in “rice, rubber, teak, corn, tin, spices, oil, and many others” that the country has to offer (Zinn 475). Vietnam has been a quiet country until the war started. Many problems occurred when the United States used a man name Diem to control Vietnam. Many tragic things had happened during this incident like murders and burning down villages.