CLT approach 's superiority to AL approach

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1. Compare and contrast the key features of AL and CLT approach Audio-lingual approach Communicative teaching language approach Approach Nature of language - Structural view - Language: a system of structural phonological, grammatical and lexical patterns to express the functional meanings - Functional view - Language: a medium for social interaction and communication Nature of language learning Behaviorism – Habit formation via over-learning Learners’ engagement in authentic and meaningful task to promote language learning. (the learning process is influenced by linguistic, social, cognitive and individual factors) Design Objectives - Focus on positive habit of language response - Start to focus on fluency (meaning) -Start to focus on oral competence - Focus on learners’ communicative competences development ( including linguistic competence , actional competence, discourse competence, socio-cultural competence and strategic competence) - Focus on both accuracy(form) and fluency (meaning) (Fluency is more important than accuracy) Syllabus-content and its organization - Linguistic functions = teaching units; - Sequence = ascending difficulty/complexity; - Teaching materials = dialogues - The teaching content is organized functionally. - Content: relevant to learner’s need/ level and learning styles/strategies. -The teaching content would normally be organized: - functionally; - notionally (theme-based); - in a task-based manner; - Or with combination of two or all above Common activities - The only form of activities in the lesson follows these steps: 1. Exposure to L2 phonological sample in dialogues 2. Exposure to Teacher’s modeling 3. Imitation and drills; 4. Habit formation; 5. Inductive and implicit learning o... ... middle of paper ... ...sult when they are in a team or group because of interpersonal relationship. - Impulsive learners: Students pay more attention to fluency than to accuracy in speaking, which causes more mistakes. In CLT approach, students have the opportunities to - Access with interesting and meaningful materials, such as linguistic games, role plays, and problem solving materials which help them improve their ability in discover the details themselves. - Communicate with each other in the classroom, have prominence to work in group. - Have positive attitudes towards mistakes and learning from mistakes which helps them maintain both fluency and accuracy. Reference: To, T.T., Nguyen, M.H.T, & Nguyen, T.M.T. (Eds.). (2011). An Introduction to Language Teaching Methods. Hanoi: Vietnam National University http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge-database/field-dependent-learners

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