Ch#3 Industrial analysis: Pakistan is the 8th major exporter in Asia of textile products. This zone contributes 9.5% to the GDP and to about 15 million people gets employment. Pakistan is the 4th biggest producer of cotton, behind china and India has the third biggest spinning capacity in Asia and it contributes 5% of it to the international spinning capability. Cotton is the essential Cash crop of Pakistan. Textile products are one of the basic human requirements after foods.
It has increased 73% from a value of 2.76 billion in 2011 to 4.77 billion in 2013. Figure 5 • Count-wise Trend India mostly export the cotton yarn ranges from count 8-47s which accounts for 90% of the total cotton yarn export, In which count 31-47s has the highest share of 35% after which count 25-31s has the major share. Figure 6 • Export Partners Figure
Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh account for majority of produce of sugar in India. Sugar industry is the 2nd largest agro-processing industry in India accounting for 1 % of India s GDP for fy2005. India’s cultivation area of 4-4.5 million hectare accounts for India’s 2.7% cropped area. The production of sugar has always been in deficit over the demand with production of only 17.5 million tonne over the 19 million tonne consumption for the year 2005-06 a factor leading to industry attractiveness. Key Characteristics of Sugar industry: • Capital intensive • Government regulated • Seasonal fluctuation in the industry(demand increases during festive season) • Raw materials constitute major cost • No proper substitutes Key success factors (key performance indicators) • Capital utilization • Optimum utilization of by-products for additional revenue • Captive p... ... middle of paper ... ...rts from India by Pakistan o Export opportunities to countries like bangladesh,indonesia,sri lanka and the middle east as EU used to supply to them earlier o Rising demand of china • Production of ethanol o 5% blending of ethanol with petrol Is already compulsory o Government is pushing for a compulsion of 10% ethanol • Baggase cogeneration o Low capital requirements o Cheaper than conventional power projects to produce power • Domestic factors o Rising domestic demand o Increasing population o Rising per capita consumption in India Bibliography www.iari.com www.indiainfoline.com www.icicidirect.com www.fcamin.nic.in Books : Crafting and executing strategy by Thompson,AA(2005)mcgraw hill publication, 14th edition
Around the globe, cotton belongs to the one of the most important crops. Approximately, 130 nations manufactured cotton during 2000, and it is projected that the crop was planted on 2.5 percent of the globe’s arable land zone, enabling it to become one of the most crucial in terms of land use after food grains and soybeans. In developing nations, like the United States, it accounts for approximately three percent of the total crop area. Cotton is manufactured for different reasons such as meeting people's basic wants and needs, distributing to achieve foreign exchange, or manufacturing textiles for exports. Cotton is a good cash resource for millions of farmers.
In 2005, Pakistan produced 21,591,400 metric tons of wheat, more than all of Africa’s wheat production that was about 20,304,585 metric tons. Pakistan is a major food exporter, except in occasional years when its harvest is adversely affected by drought. Pakistan exports cotton, fish, rice, fruits, and vegetables. The country is also an Asia's largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market. Agriculture not only includes the crops but livestock and fisheries also makes up in the agriculture sector.
Industrial production growth has averaged more than 6% over the last 5 years. The export sector has been the engine of industrial growth, with ready-made garments leading the way, having grown at an average of 30% over the last 5 years. Primary products constitute less than 10 percent of the country`s exports; the bulk of exports are manufactured/processed products, ready-made garments and knit wears in particular. Bangladesh, least developed country, largely an agrarian economy with around 24 million acres of cultivation land employing about 14.5 million cultivators. Manufacturing industries have grown around Dhaka and Chittagong based on agriculture input of jute, cotton, chemical and gas based industries.
India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. India is also the world's second or third largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables. India ranked within the world's five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce
Textile sector’s contribution in Pakistan Economy Textile sector is contributing almost 8.5% of total GDP in Pakistan. This sector is provides 40% of total labor force. A large amount of taxes collecting through textile almost Rs 23.5 billion collected in year 2011-12. It’s playing a vital role in economic stability. This sector is promoting cotton production which is becoming a part of agriculture sector’s development.
Reportedly, 50% of remittances are sent through informal channels, doubling the official estimate (Cecilia, 2010). Bangladesh as a huge labor surplus country, on average, it exports about 225,000 migrant labors annually (Siddiqui and Abrar, 2003). The UNCTAD report said that the worldwide average cost of remitting money is 9% but it is 12% for the least developed countries, including Bangladesh. Bangladesh migrants paid the world average charge, it would have received an additional US$ 380 million to its fiscal 2011-12 receipts of US$ 12.8 billion. The World Bank (2009) medium term economic growth projections anticipated that in the coming decades, despite demographic forces, globalization, climate change and other confounding factors, the increased migration pressure both within and across borders, however, will boost trade, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and aid to least developed countries with the indication of a fastest rate of GDP growth.
Not only does the United States buy hundreds of billions of dollars worth of goods produced by developing nations, it also invests heavily in those countries. Roughly three out of every eight dollars in foreign direct investment in Africa comes from the United States -- more than from any other country (France is second at 18 percent -- less than half as much). Between 1996 and 2000 (latest figures), the United States invested $9.2 billion in Africa, compared with $4.4 billion invested by France an... ... middle of paper ... ...www.house.gov/jec/imf/trade.pdf The benefits of international trade and investment are today more widely accepted around the world than at any time in recent history. At the government level, faith in these benefits has encouraged many countries to adopt international economic policies that promote greater trade and investment. A key feature of these international economic policies is a commitment to reducing global barriers to trade and investment.