The Soviets were trying to strong arm the United States to limit its capabilities on striking them. While the situation of easily been solved by simple course of action both sides were trying to remain dominant in the eyes of other nations. The Crisis first started when U-2 fighters took picture overhead of Cuba with missile launchers and nuclear missiles. This was alarming as it was so close to the United States. With failure from the Bay of Pigs invasion still fresh in the minds of the Americans some people wanted to finish what they started and invade Cuba once more when they first had evidence of the missiles.
The Soviets were building missiles in Cuba and the United States was trying very hard to diffuse the situation. The plans that President John F, Kennedy set in motion in order to prevent this nuclear war showed us what kind of president he was. It is through these plans that we can see just what ideas play an important part in decision
The world will never be the same since October of 1962. It is now known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The U.S. learned that the Soviets were building nuclear missile bases on Cuba because the Soviets wanted to close the missile gap. Even though the Soviet Union promised they would not attempt to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, they put them there anyway in hopes that the U.S. would not find out until it was too late to do anything about it. The ploy almost worked.
It was certain though; by placing missiles on Cuba that Khrushchev would have the upper hand in negotiations relating to the cold war. Also Khrushchev claimed that ‘the missiles were placed merely to deter the Americans from invading Cuba’. (Timewatch Missile - Crisis) Khrushchev’s decision to put Soviet missiles in Cuba was very important and crucial to America. Cuba was only 90 miles away from the USA, and the Americans did not like the idea of a pro communist state in its ‘sphere of influence’ (Gcse modern world history). More than military advantage for the Soviets who had missiles elsewhere which could... ... middle of paper ... ...et, Jeremy.
RFK later finds out that Russia sent these weapons to Cuba because they thought the U.S. was interested in overthrowing the Cuban government. In response to this rumor, the Soviets wished to help Cuba protect itself. Soviet chairman, Nikita Khrushchev, guaranteed President Kennedy that there was nothing going on in Cuba. The U.S. was not fooled with Khrushchev's act and began to discuss the ideas of a quarantine or a military attack. RFK and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, became the blockade's strongest advocates.
At 7:00 p.m., as the President is giving his speech to the people revealing that there were missiles being constructed by the Soviets in Cuba, the naval fleet is preparing for their mission to prevent the Russians from reaching Cuba. Prior to announcing the great... ... middle of paper ... ...exchange for lifting the quarantine and a pledge that the U.S. will not invade Cuba. (Khrushchev, page 11).” Even though they were still in the middle of the Cold War, Russia and America were able to somewhat civilly make an equal agreement. The Soviets and Fidel Castro would remain allies, but would remove all missiles placed there prior, under the circumstances that America would lift the blockade and never invade Cuba. War was avoided, and America was proven to be the superior superpower since Russia backed down and retreated.
Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it there will be a war. The Cuban missile crisis happened during the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. It was basically a waiting game to see who will make the first move. Evidence: On October 1962, a U.S. spy plane caught Soviet Union moving nuclear missiles into Cuba. After a week of careful discussion with his advisers, President Kennedy then forced a naval blockade which prevented materials from coming in but it did not work for soviets from operating the missiles that were already there.
Cuban Missile Crisis Analysis Works Cited Missing The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the most important events in United States history; it’s even easy to say world history because of what some possible outcomes could have been from it. The Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 was a major Cold War confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the Bay of Pigs Invasion the USSR increased its support of Fidel Castro's Cuban regime, and in the summer of 1962, Nikita Khrushchev secretly decided to install ballistic missiles in Cuba. President Kennedy and the other leaders of our country were faced with a horrible dilemma where a decision had to be made. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara outlined three possible courses of action for the president: "The political course of action" of openly approaching Castro, Khrushchev, and U.S. allies in a gambit to resolve the crisis diplomatically, an option that McNamara and others considered unlikely to succeed; "a course of action that would involve declaration of open surveillance" coupled with "a blockade against offensive weapons entering Cuba"; and "military action directed against Cuba, starting with an air attack against the missiles" (Chang, 2).
The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the United States has ever come to participating in nuclear war, and the trepidation experienced by Americans spanning those thirteen days was unmatched throughout history. At that time, the United States was aware of the missiles in Cuba and the Soviets also knew that the United States possessed knowledge of those missiles as well. The United States was at its highest state of readiness in history (DEFCON-3) and the Soviets were prepared to use their nuclear wea... ... middle of paper ... ..., killing millions. Intelligence needs to be confirmed and the government needs to act based on that information and not false accusations. Unfortunately, many of these lessons have been forgotten by the United States government and they continue to carry out operations based on falsified intelligence.
(source: Cuban Missile Crisis: Evolving Historical Perspectives) Perhaps it was President Kennedy’s well-composed attitude and clear direction that led the Cuban Missile Crisis to be so successful and avoid a nuclear war that could have ended the world. Throughout all of the events that occurred during the Cold War, the Cuban Missile had one of the most crucial roles in the war and also in determining the fate of two remaining superpowers. There were many events that occurred during the Cold War along with increased tension between the United States and the Soviet Union that it seemed almost inevitable that these two nations would go to war with each other. Once enemies who fought against each other in World War II, the two remaining superpowers: the United States and the Soviet Union, were now forced to work together to decide post-war Europe’s fate at the Yalta Conference in 1945. The Cold War, which began after the end of World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, was the long period of conflict between the West and the East.