CAPA 2010

2037 Words9 Pages
The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act was originally enacted on January 31st, 1974, and then reauthorized again on December 20, 2010 by President Barack Obama. This act provides federal funding to states in support of prevention, investigation, and assessment, as well as delivers grants to public agencies and nonprofit organizations regarding the social problem of child abuse. This policy also establishes a framework for financial assistance to individual states and agencies so that they can expand programs for the treatment and deterrence of child maltreatment (U.S Department of Health and Human Services 2010). Instead of generating innovative programs, CAPTA focuses on improving current programs to enhance research in avoiding and responding to child abuse and neglect. In 1875, child protection started to become more visible in New York City with the help of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children. After the media fixated on a young adolescent being captured, the President of the American Society for the Prevention and Cruelty to Animals became instantaneously engrossed in the topic. As an outcome of his support, current state legislation to defend children was strongly obligatory for the first time in history (CWLA 2010). Following that time, Illinois became the first state to generate a juvenile court in 1899 to address disputes of neglect and delinquency, followed by 26 additional states in 1907 (CWLA 2010). When the Children’s Bureau was established at the federal level in 1909, a new mission statement was put in place, retaining concentration on investigating and reporting on all problems relating to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of individuals (Oettinger 1962). In 1974, congr... ... middle of paper ... ...over 19 local districts. The positive outcomes of this policy to date shows bright hope for the future of the Family Assessment Response plan. Child abuse and neglect continuously influence a sizeable number of children and families in this country. During 2002, over 896,000 children were victims of abuse and neglect, averaging about 2,400 kids each day (Children’s Bureau 2012). Furthermore, during the same year, 60.5 percent of child victims nationally experienced some sort of neglect. While 18.6 percent of those children were physically maltreated, 9.9 percent suffered from sexual assault, along with 6.5 percent who were emotionally harmed (Children’s Bureau 2012). With the help of CAPTA, strong importance is being put on collaborations between child protective services, mental health, and other agencies, so that these statistics could be minimized within time.
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