An entrepreneur’s dream of starting a business is all about getting an idea to the marketplace with great expectations of striking it rich. Little thought ever goes into the steps and methods on how to get there. It takes a lot of effort and forethought setting up strategic plans in areas of cost effectiveness, best in quality, and on time delivery. All three areas require careful financial planning and reporting. This paper discusses the basics in understanding the basics of four different types of financial statements paint a picture of a business’s cash flow. The latter part of the paper will summarize the importance of a company’s financial statement regarding its success in critical decisions to improve its market share in the global market.
In analyzing the common-size balance sheet for Applebee’s, it is noted that the total current assets has jumped from 11% to 14% of the total assets. The total assets for Applebee’s has jumped 6% from 2000 to 2001 driven by increased in the total current assets of 28%. Of those 28% increase, they consisted of 88% increase in the Cash & Equivalents (increased of $10.6 millions) caused by the decreased in the Capital Stock repurchasing in 2001 by Applebee’s. The repurchase of capital stock has decreased by 31% as noted from the year-to-year percentage changes of the Statement of Cash Flow which equivalent to about $11 million dollars. The other current assets increased was from the other Current Assets category; there was an increase of 92% from 2000 to 2001. Due to the higher earnings for Applebee’s, there was an increase in income tax due. A significant component of the increase of other Current Assets was from increased in prepaid income taxes with net deferred income tax asset of $6.7 millions dollars.
Analyzing factors to determine how financial accounting impacts real world companies is the objective of this summary. Three videos were provided as examples of real world companies for review, and include: Long Term Assets; Determinable, Estimated, and Contingent Liabilities; and Notes Payable. “One of the major challenges managers of most businesses face is forecasting the company’s long-term productive capacity-that is, predicting the amount of plant and equipment it will need” (Libby, Libby, & Short, 2014, p. 381). The first video provides real world examples of how businesses determine their operating asset needs. The other two videos are concerned with reporting and interpreting
To begin the analysis on Krispy Kreme, the first analysis is that of the depreciation analysis. There are three different methods to calculate depreciation and they are straight-line, units-of-production and double-declining-balance (Larson, Wild, & Chiappetta, 2005). The Krispy Kreme Company uses the straight-line method to calculate their depreciation on building, machinery, equipment and leasehold improvements. The breakdown of the depreciation on property and equipment consist of land, buildings, machinery and equipment, leasehold improvements and construction in process (Larson, Wild, & Chiappetta, 2005). Krispy Kreme’s total gross property and equipment in 2002 was a total of $156,484,000 and in 2003, it was a total of $252,770,000. The accumulated depreciation for the year 2002 was a total of $43,907,000 and for the year 2003, the total was $50,212,000. To find the net property and equipment amount, taking the gross property and equipment and subtracting the accumulated depreciation is the equation used. The net property and equipment for the year 2002 would be $112,577,000 and 2003 would be $202,558,000. Once b...
The issues of this case are a specific result of Gleason Candy offering a right of return to its wholesalers. Gleason Candy now is required to conform to GAAP by the FASB Accounting Standards Codification 605-15-45-1, which states, “for any sales made with a right of return in which the criteria in paragraph 605-15-25-1 are met, revenue and cost of sales reported in the income statement shall be reduced to reflect estimated returns” (FASB, ASC 605-15-45-1). The codification in addition addresses Gleason Candy management’s concerns regarding the absence of historical data and the experience in determining an estimate. These two concerns are addressed in 605-15-25-3-C and continue on into 605-15-25-4. 605-15-25-4 states, “The existence of one or more of the factors in the preceding paragraph, in light of the significance of other factors, may not be sufficient to prevent making a reasonable estimate.” Gleason Candy is not able to claim their concerns to be sufficient enough to prevent them from making an estimation.
The operational column in the store-by-store analysis were the debits received by the franchisor that were not profit, but were reimbursement for items purchased for franchisees. It was somewhat difficult to determine how this should be recorded on the income statement to get accurate numbers. The final decision was to create a reimbursement line on the income statement that took the amount for 2013 ($134,221) out of both revenue and expenses. This left the net profit unchanged but gave a more accurate number for both revenue and expenses.
When evaluating financial statement data for a specific period of time we use a technique call horizontal analysis. This method will show if there has been an increase or decrease in the financial status of PepsiCo, Inc. and Coca-Cola. In comparing both of these companies I have evaluated the net revenue and net income for the period of 2003 to 2005, with 2003 being the base year and 2005 being the current year. The formula I have used will show the change in the net revenue and net income for this span of time. The formula to calculate the change since the base period is the current year amount minus the base year amount divided by the base year amount.
The more interesting part is regarding the accounting treatment program. If in case, appropriate instalment sales techniques are being used, then sales under these new program will be beneficial on the current year’s revenue and profitability, as only a portion of amount on sales will be paid and recognized. Thus, there will be no change in the investors’ attitude towards the company and th...
Financial Accounting Standards Board. (1985). Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 86. Norwalk. Retrieved April 7, 2014, from http://www.fasb.org/cs/BlobServer?blobkey=id&blobnocache=true&blobwhere=1175820922177&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobheadername2=Content-Length&blobheadername1=Content-Disposition&blobheadervalue2=189998&blobheadervalue1=filename%3Dfas86.pdf&blobcol=url
When analyzing Coca-Cola’s statement of cash flow, the first thing to note is a steady increase in operating activities within the past few years. These transactions affect the net income. From 2001 to 2003 the cash from net income increased from $4.1 million to $5.5 million. The operating activities is often the most important cash flow of a business because it shows the cash from revenue compared to the payments made for expenses (2).