Physical symptoms can include, but not limited to: insomnia, increased illness, loss of appetite, and chronic fatigue. Psychological symptoms are symptoms of depression, guilt, feelings of worthlessness, anger, tension, isolation, pessimism, and anxiety (Carter, 2013). APA (2007) found that around ½ of Americans say that stress negatively impacts their professional and personal lives, 1/3rd of Americans have difficulties managing work and family responsibilities, and 54% of Americans have stated noticing a correlation of increased stress causing them to fight with those who are intimately close to them. In addition, 8% of Americans connected burnout from work as the cause of their divorce or separation. Experiancing difficulty falling asleep at night due to stress has impacted 48% of Americans, and over 50 million prescriptions were filled in 2008 for sleeping aids.
The United States Surgeon General (2012), reports more than 8 million adults report having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year, 2.5 million report making a suicide plan in the past year, and 1.1 million report a suicide attempt in the past year. Suicide among young between 15 and 24 ranks third in the leading cause of death (Toth et al., 2007). The top three methods used in suicides of young people include firearm (45%), suffocation (40%), and poisoning (8%) (CDC, 2015). The age group considered most at risk is white males over the age of 65. Many elderly people are struggling with the loss of family and friends as well as physical and mental depreciation.
Change of moods is a common occurrence but some are drastic and lead to intense fluctuations in activity and energy levels. Such changes call for medical interventions. Patients with bipolar disorder risk their schoolwork, safety, health and jobs and constitute approximately 5.7 million adult Americans (The Huffington Post, 2014). Major depression is characterized by a long period of sadness. It makes people lose sleep and experience eating disorders and affects approximately 14.8 million adult Americans.
Approximately eighteen point million American adults or about nine point five percent of the U.S population age eighteen and older has depression. To break this down a bit more, twelve point four million woman and six point four men in the U.S are affected by depression. Depression is a very broad illness that many people are dealing with today. There are many different types and ways of dealing with depression, and helping others through it. When depressed, people lose all interest in group activities, and stay at home and mope around (Do, Jan 19th, 2011).when living with, or even being best friends with someone who is depressed it can be hard to handle and at times overwhelming.
Journalists may very well be subjected to these strains and issues considering the high levels of stress and erratic schedules they are forced to undergo if they wish to be successful in the industry. Burnout is a psychological disorder that reflects symptoms of general work-related exhaustion. It is described as a slow process of psychological erosion caused by ongoing stressors at work (Backholm, 2012). Burnout includes three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism and a reduced sense of personal effectiveness (Maslach & Courtois, 2008; Maslach & Leiter, 1997). Also, Maslach and Courtois (2008) have proposed that trauma-related work, especially long-term repeated work with the direct victims of trauma, might be a predictor for burnout.
When someone else finds out they are broke a person’s pride is hurt. They start to avoid doing things with friends and family and become more isolated. In some cases being isolated can lead to depression, tenseness, irritability, restlessness and apprehension or dread (Insler). The most detrimental mental side effect caused by student debt is stress, “80 percent of working professionals with student debt said it is a source of “significant” or “very significant stress”’ (Dickler). Stress can cause people to lose significant amounts of sleep.
Heart attacks and strokes are a common health risk in smoking. UK studies show that smokers in their 30’s and 40’s are five times more likely to have a heart attack than non-smokers. (http://news.bbc.uk) When smoking, the chemicals contributes to the hardening of the arteries, when these are blocked then the heart is left with no blood flow, causing a heart attack. Also, smoking can increase the risk of having a stroke. Smoking is responsible for at least 20% of all deaths from heart disease in the United States.
Men are more likely to commit suicide; where as women are more likely to become depressed. “About 7 out of every hundred men and 1 out of every hundred women who have been diagnosed with depression in their lifetime will go on to complete suicide” (AAS, June 23, 2009). This group of patients can be very unpredictable in their behaviors and actions. Look for warning signs in these patients. Warning signs for depressed and suicidal patients can include insomnia, lack of interest in day to day activities, feelings of hopelessness, always talking or thinking about harming themselves, making finial preparations, and saying fini... ... middle of paper ... ...logy (AAS).
Depression is a disabling condition that should be taken seriously. Ever one in ten people worldwide are affected by depression for an estimated 676 million people. People living with a depression have greater than forty-percent chance of dying from premature death that the rest of the population. In many cases suicide is a result of depression due to the lack of attention to the physical problems. In 2012 depression became one of the leading causes of death, 804,000 young adults age fifth teen to twenty-nine committed suicide worldwide.
Since the 1950s, more than 70,000 scientific articles have left no doubt that smoking is an extraordinarily important cause of premature mortality and disability around the world. In populations where cigarette smoking has been common for several decades, about 90% of cases of lung cancer, 15–20% of cases of other cancers, 75% of cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema and 25% of deaths from cardiovascular diseases in those 35–69 years of age are attributable to tobacco. Studies have shown that half of all long-term smokers will die of a tobacco-related disease and, of these, half will die before the age of 65 (World bank, 1999). The 2009 Global Adult Tobacco Survey estimates that adult smoking prevalence in the Philippines is 28.3%, which is equivalent to 17.3 million Filipinos aged 15 years old and over who are cigarette smokers. 47.7% (14.6 million) and 9.0% (2.8 million) of the 15 years old and over population are male and female smokers, respectively.