To someone with an eating disorder, their illness is a means of incorporating control into their lives. Anorexia Nervosa, a disorder of self- starvation, manifests itself in a complete refusal of food and can cause psychological, endocrine, and gynecological problems. An anorexic person will turn to obsessive dieting and starvation as a way to control not only their weight, but also their feelings and actions regarding the emotions attached (Definition of Anorexia Nervosa 1). Some physiological characteristics of Anorexia Nervo... ... middle of paper ... ...abuse. Clinical depression can also lead to an eating disorder.
They believe that eating disorders could possibly come from a mix of family history, social factors, and personality traits. Anorexia Nervosa People who have anorexia nervosa have a potent fear of gaining weight; due to this fear, victims of this disorder limit their food intake. These limitations can cause you to become very, very thin and eventually become very sick. Anorexia affects the body and mind. You start off dieting and then things quickly spin out of control.
In Binge- Eating /Purging type, during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has regularly engaged in binge-eating/purging behavior (Rockwell 10). Anorexia may not be noticed in early stages. The Anorexic usually chooses to wear layered and baggy clothes to hide the “ugly fat body” .An Anorexic may have ritualistic eating patterns such as cutting food into little tiny pieces and weighing themselves. These can be found in people who are on a healthy diet, but in Anorexics these behaviors are extremely exaggerated. Other warnings are deliberate self-starvation with weight loss, fear of gaining weight, refusal to eat, denial of hunger, constant exercising, sensitivity to cold, absent or irregular periods, loss of scalp perception of being fat when the person is really to this.
In a society that discriminates against people, particularly women, who do not look slender, many people find they cannot - or think they cannot - meet society's standards through normal, healthy eating habits and often fall victim to eating disorders. Bulimia Nervosa, an example of an eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating and purging, has become very common in our society. Although it generally affects women, men too are now coming to clinics with this kind of disease. This is not a new disorder. It can be brought on by a complex interplay of factors, which may include emotional, and personality disorders, family pressures, a possible genetic or biologic susceptibility, and a culture in which there is an overabundance of food and an obsession with thinness.
Anorexia nervosa, one of the eating disorders, has proven to potentially threaten lives. Extreme weight loss and self-starvation transpire from anorexia (National). Signs and symptoms of the specific disorder vary. Some of the common symptoms include declining food, ignoring hunger, excessive fear of weight gain, obscured self-image, and loss of emotion (“Eating Disorders-Bing”). Anorexia nervosa results in premature mortality.
An eating disorder is an extreme expression of emotion, distress, or inner problems. An eating disorder can be compared to drug use or self mutilation as a way to relieve pain or stress. Food or the denial of food becomes the drug of choice and is used to numb painful feelings. There are three main types of eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, also known as compulsive eating disorder. Anorexia Nervosa is an extremely abnormal fear of gaining weight, a distorted self image, a refusal to eat and severe weight loss.
Eating disorders such as, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating are typically caused by low self-esteem and the pressure of being accepted by peers and can lead to serious medical consequences. Angie Best-Boss in her book “The Everything Parent's Guide to Eating Disorders” defines eating disorders as “ a serious, potentially life threatening, biologically based mental illness, usually characterized by daily functioning affected by disordered body image, a preoccupation with and anxiety related to food and eating, and disordered eating”. (Best-boss, VI) This definition describes an eating disorder as a mental issue, due to the fact that when someone suffers from an eating disorder they are most likely already depressed or anxious. Eating disorders are also considered mental disorders because “brain chemistry, function, and structure in patients with eating disorders are different from the brains of those without and eating disorder” (Best-Boss, 2). Eating disorders affect not only teens and adults but children as well.
Families of sufferers also have an increased incidence of depression, obesity, substance abuse, and eating disorders. Two main eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Anorexia is an eating disorder in which a person is obsessed by thoughts of an unattainable image of “perfect” thinness. This occurs by starvation and/or excessive exercise and can result in death. Bulimia is an eating disorder involving the alternation between the extremes of eating large amounts of food in a short time, and then compensating for the added calories either by vomiting or other extreme actions to avoid gaining weight.
Eating Disorders Eating disorders are among one of the worse disorder, it can cause physical harm to the body. The most common eating disorders are Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Individuals with anorexia nervous are described of having a fear of being fat even with a low weight, including the BMI (Body Mass Index). Anorexia nervosa includes having a lack of appetite, it is hard for individuals to hide this disorder. The body shows significant sign of weight loss including brittle hair and nails due to the lack of vitamins and nutrition.
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder. Those who have anorexia have immense trepidation about gaining weight. Thus they do everything within their power to achieve an extremely boney frame. Those with anorexia, loose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height ("Anorexia Nervosa"). Anorexics severely limit their food intake, vomit intentionally, exercise excessively, and take laxatives to avoid weight gain (“Anorexia Nervosa – Causes”).