In conclusion, the flood at Buffalo Creek destroyed the inhabitantâ€™s very social fabric. This in itself is not unique, but what was unique about Buffalo Creek is that there was no post disaster euphoria, where people who have survived the disaster are uplifted by the fact that the community is still present and viable. That was not the case in Buffalo Creek, mostly in part due to HUDâ€™s internal policies but also due to the very devastation caused by the flood. The other thing that was unique about Buffalo Creek was that ninety-three percent of the survivors had diagnosable emotional disorders eighteen months after the disaster. Usually survivors of disasters are able to get over it and move on, but the survivors of the Buffalo Creek disaster were not able to do this because of their total loss of â€œGemeinschaftâ€? or sense of community.
Pain in the wake of catastrophe can be as elusive as pain in illness. Kai Erikson argues that the events of catastrophe such as the flooding of Buffalo Creek Virginia cause a syndrome which includes pains such as numbness, reliving of the event, familial loss, loss of community as well as many others. The problem that arises from such a catastrophe is how to handle the pain suffered by its victims. Veena Das and Elaine Scarry argue that pain is unshareable but it also calls for attention. Through an extensive look into Kai Erikson’s piece on the events that took place in Buffalo Creek and the leading literature on pain it becomes clear that recognition and generalizability of victims pain and suffering is impossible to validate and because of this disaster relief efforts are greatly impaired.
Durkheim's hypothesis perceives that people are social creatures whose lives are tremendously molded by the way of their social connections. Despite the fact that Durkheim's work centered around macrolevel impacts on suicide, the hypothesis hypothesizes that powerless connections to societal organizations result in lower psychosocial prosperity, and more grounded join ments and shared qualities and objectives among mem-bers of a social gathering, got from the amount and force of their association, encourage prosperity (Durkheim, 1951; Thorlindsson and Bjarnason, 1998).
Kuhl wrote about how Emile Durkheims idea’s about suicide is connected with social intergation. The authors argue that individual factors may play in for youth sucide as well as the social intergation.
Individuals in society experience many changes that can make them feel overwhelm or feel accepted by their friends, family members and the rest of society. But there is times when people feel that they do not fit or feel welcome in their social group. Many people face their difficulties and achieve success others are do not have such luck. The individuals that are not lucky finishes their life committing suicide. Suicide is an act of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally that affects not only immediate family and friends but indicates factors in society that are influencing individuals to commit this act. Is important to understand what aspects in society are making individuals to take their own live? And if
Suicidality is a serious concern that is often associated with depression (see American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Globally, the rate of suicide is increasing. A low sense of belonging is linked to a higher risk of having suicidal thoughts and attempts in the non-clinical population. However, the direct connection between the 2 factors is not significant, suggestion that a presence of third factor such as depression make the association significant (Hatcher & Stubbersfield, 2013). Nevertheless, a preventative effect of belonging on suicide is suggested. It has been reported that individuals with a positive social integration are less likely to commit suicide. Thus, social factors such as marriage (or partnership), employment, and friends are considered as protective factors of suicide (Baumeister & Leary,
In 1897, Emile Durkheim (1997) showed that the suicide – perhaps the most personal of all decisions – could be analysed through the conceptual lenses of sociology.
The category 3 storm changed the lives of the residence who lived there forever. The storm in combination with the fault of the man-made flood protection walls (levee’s) resulted in the death of at least 1,300 people (1). With nearly half the victims over the age of 74, deaths were caused by; drowning, injury/ trauma and heart conditions (2). Hurricane Katrina was one of the most costliest storms to land on American soil, costing around US$135 billion in damages (3). Although the number of deaths caused by Hurricane Katrina are not as high as other natural disasters, Katrina displaced a massive amount of people from their homes, around 85% of the population were displaced directly after the storm hit (6). Being one of the most devastating natural disasters to hit the United States, Hurricane Katrina impacted not only the residence of New Orleans by also many of the surrounding
Hurricane Katrina was the third deadliest hurricane in the United States history, claiming over a total of 2,000 lives. Not only did it claim lives, but it claimed minds, skyrocketing the amount of mental disorders in victims. The effects were long-lasting, but unity has helped survivors fight through. Fatalities were brutal, with almost 1,000 deaths. Due to engineering issues, over 80% of New Orleans and surrounding areas were flooded. This water was also contaminated with raw sewage and toxic chemicals, endangering the health of people. Over 1 million people relocated to other areas around, leaving the population not even fully recovered, ten years later. While tourist areas are upkept, some neighborhoods were flooded so badly that they
Johnstown Flood May 31, 1889 was a day that brought terror to the small town of Johnstown Pennsylvania. The small town was established in 1794 as a steel town and had a population on 30,000. The cause of the flood actually starts not at the town but 14 upstream at the South Fork Dam were the Little Conemaugh and Stony Creeks rivers meet as you can see in the image below. At this place is Lake Conemaugh, a 3-mile long lake located up against the side of a mountain, 450 feet higher than Johnstown PA. The construction started in 1840 under the supervision of engineer William E. Morris but wasn't completed till 1852 due to financial difficulties.