Religious rites come from the profane and sacred, which are important to society and religion, because they help determine the actions of t... ... middle of paper ... ...d religion he almost asserts that religion is not real. Durkheim also does not acknowledge the potential instinctual behavior that humans have without society or religion and that are not learned behaviors. Babies are born with certain innate survival behaviors that are not taught such as facial expressions that express happiness and sadness. Finally, my real issue with Durkheim’s argument is that he seems to believe that all people are rational. But, is this rational mind really universal?
Peter Hulme and William H. Sherman. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2004. Print. Shakespeare, William. The Tempest.
The villagers are not stupid enough to believe... ... middle of paper ... ...ld do if the missionaries brought military reinforcements. In any case, if Ibo society can be compared to a tragic hero, its irrational beliefs would be its tragic flaw. It was these beliefs which directly alienated members of society, such as Nwoye, Nneka, and the osu, and created a rift within the Ibo. While such beliefs and customs are certainly evidence of the depth of Ibo culture, their irrational basis could not withstand the white man’s defiance of them, as shown by the church’s survival in the Evil Forest. Ironically, it is these beliefs – the presence of a social structure, the development of a religion – which not only show the richness of Ibo culture, but also lead to its downfall.
Achebe prevails over his anger to present his opinion without forcefulness and with open-minded consideration. Yes, the colonizers succeed in converting many tribesmen into Christians; however, their success is subjective because they destroy African culture in the process. Ultimately, Achebe is successful in delivering his political views, but he does so by encouraging open-mindedness and cultural relativity instead of forcing his individual ideals upon his readers. The characters in Things Fall Apart are not black and white: they are flawed, redeemed, frustrated, assertive, violent, reasonable, and genuine. These traits are determined by perspective, and the a... ... middle of paper ... ...heir superiority.
The characters in both stories are inferior because of their nationality and illiteracy. In the autobiography, Mandela states that the Chief had insulted the tribe by saying that the promise of becoming a man through circumcision was illusory and South Africans were conquered people. The chief also proclaims that the Xhosa tribe are slaves to their own country and that they have no control, power, or strength. Mandela and the rest of the tribe are offended upon hearing this, but as time goes by, the words start to sink in and come alive. Metaphorically, the chief had planted a seed that laid dormant for a while, and later began to grow, but Mandela realized that it was himself that let it grow.
Unfortunately for him, Okonkwo finding out his clan is converting is heart aching and he finds complete weakness in his clan. Achebe ties both themes of change and masculinity very well, and both themes support each other in every way. In reality, many Africans resisted the colonizers trying to destroy their religion, but the colonization wasn’t as severe as Achebe presented in her novel. “Groups strongly resisted the coming of European
Cultural Relativism is the belief that we cannot judge the cultural practices of other societies and that we should let them do as they please. But if we cannot judge them, does it make it right when they threaten the lives of others? Through the book Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, we begin to have a deeper insight this idea of cultural relativism and the extent at which we should tolerate the cultural practices. The book follows Okonkwo, who is a socially popular warrior who wants to have the greatest title in the village to separate himself from his ‘weak’ father. The book goes in depth about the cultural practices of the Ibo people and what happens when missionaries come to the village to convert others.
He displays it through the conversation Mr. Brown has with Akuma, in which he “learned a good deal about the religion of the clan” and made the conclusion that “attack… would not succeed” (Achebe 181). Unlike Mr. Smith’s quick and dramatic reaction to the clan, Mr. Brown makes it his duty to interact with the tribe and understand them. Mr. Smith’s refusal to understand the Ibo culture makes him interpret all of their actions as a culture to be violent, such as the burning of the church (Achebe 191). Because of his impatience for comprehension, Mr. Smith sacrifices the harmony that could coexist between the two cultures. Mr. Brown, on the other hand, makes an effort to understand the universal themes and similarities that run through each of their religions, like the importance of an absolute deity.
In America’s multi-cultural society, they acquire cultural sophistry but try to remain ‘pure’ at physical, mental, social and spiritual levels in their normative ethics. In the hybridity of cross-cultural consciousness, other cultures influence them just in a motivation but in ethical judgment they cannot be irrational or disloyal to their own culture for self-perfection. The cognizance of their ration faculty helps them to realize their existential condition in bicultural universe. It helps to measure the merits of the wavelength of ancestral culture. Native culture creates a condition for satisfactory life for these self-exiled lots.