Brown Vs Board Of Education

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Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka was an historic Supreme Court case in 1954. The outcome from this case was the court’s unanimous decision that, in the words of the Warren Court, “separate educational facilitates are inherently unequal”. Furthermore, they declared separate schools to be unconstitutional “we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment”. Plessy vs Ferguson (1896) which allowed state-sponsored segregation in education was overturned by this decision. During the following year (1955) the Supreme Court, after schools requested relief in doing their task of desegregation issued another decision that is known as Brown II. As a result of this the task of desegregation was transferred to district courts who were ordered to follow suit “with all deliberate speed”. Supporters of desegregation weren’t happy with this outcome as they felt “with all deliberate speed” was too ambiguous and did not spell out any plan to actually end segregation. Their concern was warranted as the decision wasn’t accepted nationwide. Following the court’s decision there was massive resistance to the demand of integration. Some of the biggest resistance was seen in Virginia. “Virginia is ruled by Senator Harry Byrd’s political machine, and he issues a “Southern Manifesto” calling for “Massive Resistance to school integration” (Civil Right Movement Veterans). Byrd’s Manifesto was widely accepted by school boards and state governments across the South “and by 1956, Senator Byrd had created a coalition of nearly 100 Southern politicians to sign on his “Southern Man... ... middle of paper ... .... He continued this until he was forced to move by the Alabama National Guard, who were following the orders of President John F. Kennedy. Additionally, the lawsuit helped create more activism among African-Americans. Mae Mallory was one, backed by the NAACP, who had a successful lawsuit against the city and state of New York. Mallory’s victory was won by using Brown’s principals. The struggle to end segregation was given a boost by Brown vs Topeka but actually continues to be a struggle to this day. “In New York City, for instance, more than half of public schools are reportedly at least 90 percent black and Hispanic, and in Alabama nearly a quarter of black students attend a school with white enrollment of 1 percent or less.” While the United States has made great progress in this area unfortunately in doesn’t look like it’s going to be eradicated anytime soon.

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