Brown V Board Of Education Summary

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During the Civil rights movement, one of the most famous court cases was Brown vs Board of Education, which was a conglomerate of five separate events.* The first and most popular case took place in Topeka, Kansas, which involved a conflict led by McKinley Burnett over black children attending a segregated white school. The second case emerged In Delaware, a conflict over the provision of bus services to minorities. Like the one in Delaware, the third case arose in South Carolina in which it also had an argument for equal transportation for African Americans.* The fourth case dealt with a student strike against the poor quality of the one and only unsegregated school in Virginia. Last and foremost, the fifth case took place in Washington, …show more content…

In many instances, the schools for African American children were substandard facilities with outdated textbooks and often with no basic school supplies. Plus, the dedication and qualifications of the African American teachers and principals assigned to these schools was not questioned.* Brown v. Board was filed against the Topeka, Kansas school board by representative-plaintiff Oliver Brown, parent of one of the children denied access to Topeka’s white schools. Brown claimed that Topeka’s racial segregation violated the constitution's equal protection clause because the city’s black and white schools were not equal and thought they could never be.* The federal district court dismissed his claim, ruling segregated public schools were “substantially” equal enough to be constitutional under the Plessy doctrine. Afterwards, Brown appealed to the Supreme Court, which consolidated and then reviewed all the segregation actions …show more content…

The legal principle of "segregation but equality" has been overturned since this sentence, and any legal apartheid may subsequently be ruled unconstitutional by violating the equal rights guaranteed by the constitution. This case ended the racial segregation which already existed for over 50 years. Since Brown won this case, the African American students can go to the public school with whites and have the same academic environment with them. Therefore, the phenomenon of segregation in primary and middle schools across the United States no longer existed. This case also affected many places in the United States. As a result, the decision made by the Supreme Court was “use very prudent speed” to improve, however, that did not exactly set the measures. Since this must be completed during the restrictions, the United States appeared in different degrees of “struggle”. Therefore, the Supreme Court used this as an excuse to delay the completion of integration measures in primary and middle school. The government helped black students defend the resistor and assisted them to get to school safely. For example, in 1957, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus called out his state's National Guard to block black students' entry to Little Rock Central High School. President Dwight Eisenhower responded by deploying elements of the 101st Airborne Division from Fort Campbell,

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