Britain is a liberal, parliamentary and stable democracy, where its dynamic society conditions the agenda of politics. The fusion/separation, or lack thereof, of powers is complicated, but essentially includes the Executive and Elected Legislature, Appointed Legislature, the Judiciary and the Crown. The largest party forms the executive government, whose primary role is to run government and present laws, and overall represents the will of the majority. The House of Commons is elected to reflect the will of the people, and create, criticize and approve laws. The appointed legislature is the House of Lords, and they constitute the unwritten constitution, acting as an extra safety measure, also with the ability to criticize and approve laws.
Power of the British Prime Minister The prime minister is that person who leads the majority party in the House of Commons, or who commands a majority of support in that house. PMs continue in office until they resign or concede a defeat after a general election. They also may reign after losing a motion of no confidence. In the 19th Century, Bagehot wrote (in the English constitution 1867), that parliamentary government had been superseded by Cabinet Government - that the theoretical sovereignty of parliament had been delegated to the executive for all practical purposes. The powers of government, and its cohesion under the convention of collective responsibility, ensured that the government could maintain a united front in the face of parliamentary opposition.
In essence the judge would only be able to reflect the view of the legislature through his interpretation of the laws that had been reconfigured by the legislative branch. The current unbalance of power within Great Britain’s government shows how the government can be viewed as a parliamentary-dictatorship due the prominent power that the Prime Minister has over the rest of the government through controlling both the executive branch and parliament, which is composed of both the House of Lords and The Commons. After more substantial reform the government in the United Kingdom has come to a more unified status; however, there is still arguably a parliamentary dictatorship in Great Britain despite recent reform due to the control of the prime minister though policy making and implementation. Great Britain is arguably a parliamentary dictatorship due to the immense power that the Prime Minister and his party have over government relative to their opposition. The Prime Minister’s hold of office depends upon his party having the m... ... middle of paper ... ...as a overwhelming influence on how the government operates.
Though it is unelected, the Lords fulfill a fundamental democratic requirement; as the upper chamber within a bicameral legislature, it acts as a constitutional check and balance on executive power. This being said, Tony Blair forced the Hunting Bill of 2004 through the Lords as a Parliament Act; the very rarely used route by which Bills can become law without the assent of the House of Lords. In this way Westminster Parliament failed to ensure executive accountability. In terms of scrutinizing the executive and actions of government, the House of Commons has a number of opportunities at its disposal, mainly in the form of debates and questions. The Commons is notorious for its constant debate; the Commons can express its views on foreign policy and international crisis, for example the 1956 debates of the Suez crisis and the emergency debate on the Falklands following the Argentinean invasion in 1982.
On the other hand, there’re some major attributes that get accepted. It‘s accepted that this model of Westminster democracy has well-built devolved cabinet government control through the political group in authority at the moment. Parliamentary autonomy is as well important with supremacy just inside the state (Lane & Svante 2000, 82).The mainstream group is the group which enacts or executes laws as well as support these policies and get usually supported through their group 's backbenchers. The two-party organisation exists under Westminster replica and the opposing group exists to show the errors of the appointed party 's guiding principles because the opposing party 's objective involves checking on the party in power with an aim of becoming elected in future elections (Lane & Svante 2000, 44). It’s too a facet that policies are responsible since it’s merely the state that is engaged during the process of policy making, where officials appointed by citizens are agents of their citizens and work for their interests.
Why the Executive is Able to Dominate Parliament in the British Political System The executive has always been a fundamental body in the British political system, the executive’s dominance is a result of party politics and of reformation designed to undermine the bodies responsible for scrutinising the Government. Patronage has always been essential in maintaining the power of the executive, especially the Prime minister. Discipline is promoted in the governing body with the use of whips to enforce party policy and encourage ministers to toe party line, the use of pagers has recently been adopted by the Labour Party to ensure Labour MPs are sure of the parties’ policies and developments that have occurred. As appointments to the executive are controlled by the Premier party loyalty is seen as imperative in order to “climb the political ladder.” By encourage obedience regarding supporting party policy the Governing party reduce backbencher desertion and show a unified front towards both the public and opposition, which obviously strengthens the executives grip on power. Although party whips main job is to inform and ensure that all parties in the House of Commons are satisfied with its business timetable, their second role is of greater significance to their importance in supporting the executive.
The facts I have used here are from different writings on British politics which are all listed in my bibliography, but the opinions are my own and so are the arguments that I used to support my views. First let me explain the process through which a person becomes a Prime Minister. The PM is selected by the sovereign. He (or she) chooses a man who can command the support of majority of the members of the House of Commons. Such a man is normally the leader of the largest party in the House.
The then king William of Orange appointed a group of ministers in a cabinet to head parliament. This was the first real delegation of power by a Monarch to parliament but ultimately all key decisions were still taken by the Monarch. It was not until the time of George I that any further progress towards the establishment of a Prime Minister was made. King George did not attend cabinet meetings and so meetings were conse... ... middle of paper ... ...use of commons and also upon popular opinion in the electorate and attitudes in the party’’. -Sir Richard Wilson In theory the PM is the most powerful person in these Isles; however, there are a number of limiting factors placed upon this power.
In contrast, the US president has an official outlined role. His formal role involves a strategic capacity to set the nations political agenda by exploiting such powers that the Constitution grants him. It can be said that the British Prime Minister is becoming more presidential in general but it has a lot to do with the style of governing that each individual Prime Minister decides to use and more often than not, their personality. For example, Thatcher was more presidential, Major less so, Blair more again. The characteristics of presidential leadership include, spatial leadership which implies the leader is acting ‘outside’ of party politics, and developing a sense
This implies that the laws are made by the parliament and suggests parliamentary supremacy. Recently, there has been argument that the British parliament are inefficient and ineffective in legislative duties this was born out of the fact that the European Union have over shadowed the activities of the many European countries such that EU laws override that of the individual nations. The members of British parliament refer to the two chambers made up of the popularly elected House of Common and non elected House of Lords. In the view of Almond et al (2000: 136), within the British parliament, the prime minister occupies a unique position sometimes refers to as Primus inter pares i.e first among equal. But to become a prime minister, a politician must first be elected leader of his/her political party, which qualifies him/her to be prime minister if his/her party wins the majority seat in the