The Navigations Acts and the Sugar Acts of 1764, which was a tax placed on imported molasses and sugar, had not directly affected colonists, it affected the merchants. The merchants in hand would just raise prices. The stamp act was completely different. It said that any document or printed item would need to have a stamp placed on it purchased from the British government. The Stamp Act upset the colonist... ... middle of paper ... ...ited through their local governments though, because they wanted to stay colonies to Britain they still had no future plans for independence, the people believed that they would be able to either get representation in parliament or that the taxes on colonists would end.
The colonists were growing more and more displeased by the economic system the British were forcing on them, and then the Molasses Act came. This Act placed high tariffs on sugar, molasses and rum imported into New England in a effort to prevent colonial trade with the French West Indies sugar islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe. British sugar merchants on the islands of Barbados, Antigua and Jamaica had complained to Parliament. The law was enacted to restrict non-British trade and to further enforce the concept that trade was to be done only on British owned ships. In response to this Act, the colonists began to smuggle goods into the colonies.
The colonists of the north smuggled goods and manufactured items for profit. They avoided the British laws. The southern colonists had a guaranteed market from the British because they had a monopoly. The colonies also benefited because they had the British army troops to guard them, and they have low taxes, and the British navy shielded them. The colonists were generally more prosperous than the English... ... middle of paper ... ...000 troops.
What began as a fight over economic policies soon deteriorated into the difference in Americans and Britons political views, which help lead to the violence of the American Revolution (The American Pageant, pg 122). I believe a violent revolt could have been prevented only if England hadn’t pushed the Colonies past the point of non-violent resolutions. Before 1763, the only British laws that truly affected the colonists were the Navigation Acts, which monitored the colony's trade so that it traded solely with England. As this law was not rigidly enforced, the colonists accepted it with little fuss. The colonies also accepted England's right to monitor trade.
In return, that British did not impose many laws on the colonies. Sir Robert Walpole believed that British interference would alienate the colonies and eventually damage commerce with England. To ensure that this didn’t happen he laxly enforced trade regulations such as the Navigation Act. The policy of salutary neglect led the American colonies to gain independence and develop their own political institutions such as the legislative assemblies. Although the colonies based many of their institutions off of the English, between 1690-1750, the British policy of salutary neglect drove them to become increasingly independent.
"The acts posed an immediate threat to established traditions of colonial self-government." Colonists began to smuggle items such as tea, which led to two regiments of British troops landing in Boston in 1768. The proponents of the acts failed to realize that Americans did not differentiate between importation and personal taxes, they simply didn 't want to be taxed. Eventually the Townshend Acts were lifted, but the tax on tea remained, just to show that Britain still had control over the colonies. The above proves that British rule lived on, in the sense that they wanted control over the colonies and used them financially to improve their own
They were also bitter about the Colonists trading goods with enemies of the British. Because of this the British increased authority over the colonies after the war. The British began to tax the colonists to meet England’s financial needs. England passed many Acts that were ill conceived and had long-term effects on the relationship between England and the colonies. The crown had never directly taxed the colonists before.
Mercantilism Essay England in the 17th century adopted the policy of mercantilism, exercising control over the trade of the colonies, thus greatly affecting their political and economical development. Mercantilism was the policy in Europe throughout the 1500's to the 1700's where the government of the mother country controlled the industry and trade of other, weaker settlements with the idea that national strength and economic security comes from exporting more than what is imported. Possession of colonies provided the countries with sources of raw materials and markets for their manufactured goods. This system had political and economical repercussions on the inflicted because it inspired many new laws and acts for the colonies, and it restricted the colonies trade to England, reducing the revenue that the colonies received. The thirteen colonies were influenced by the mercantilism policy of England due to the numerous trading prohibitations and taxes that were placed on them and the goods they trafficked.
The colonies were also expected to export their natural resources and purchase finished products back from the mother country. Mercantilism also focused on exporting more than importing. The result of mercantilism was severely limited economic liberty in colonial America, which eventually led to the American Revolution as colonists no longer believed they could remain in the British Empire and have their rights protected (Keene, Cornell and O 'Donnell). Before the war, North American colonists were barely paying any taxes compared to other British territories. .After the war, a new prime minister, George Grenville, was hired and ordered to investigate colonial revenues (Dockswell).
Under salutary neglect, the colonists enjoyed a significant degree of independence and autonomy from Britain that they had grown accustomed to over time. When the British government created new tax laws and adapted a more stringent policy of tax collection, the colonists viewed it as an unfair burden. Even thought the tax rates at which the colonists were being asked to pay were much lower than their British citizen counterparts, they saw it as unfair. Colonists deemed the new taxes unfair because of long held belief: the idea that colonists could n... ... middle of paper ... ...ity for the British in order to prevent a further outbreak of colonial opposition. If the British could emasculate the local militias, perhaps this rebellion could be put down rather quickly and effectively.