Britain is considering changing current first past the post voting system (FPTP) to proportional representation (PR). The main reason is that FPTP is “quasi-democratic” voting system under which there is only one majority party ruling the government and it does not represent wishes of all voters as some votes are wasted. Whereas, PR seems to be the best alternative voting system with proportionality of seats in mandatory places, more parties ruling government and etc. Let us look at these two voting systems and analyze whether PR is suitable and alternative change for FPTP and do advantages of PR outweigh disadvantages. First of all, let us start with First Past The Post.
3, pp 218-22 Faulks, K. (2001), ‘Should voting be compulsory?’, Politics Review, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp 24-25 Heywood, A. (2007), Politics, London: Palgrave MacMillan IDEA (2002), Voter turnout since 1945: A global report. Available from: http://www.idea.int/publications/vt/upload/VT_screenopt_2002.pdf (Accessed 29 Nov 2009) IDEA (2009), Compulsory Voting.
"John H. Herz and the Resurrection of Classical Realism." International Relations 22.4 (2008): 441-455. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Print.
Elections New Zealand. Voting & MMP. Retrieved March 6, 2010, from http://www.elections.org.nz/voting/ Garner, R., Ferdinand, P., & Lawson, S. (2009). Introduction to politics. Oxford, England: Oxford UP.
Smith, Bradley A. "Vanity of Vanities: National Popular Vote and the Electoral College." Election Law Journal 7.3 (2008): 196-217. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO.
http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/hancock/pol204/history.htm. Oct 26, 2011 9:56 a.m. Mintz, Steven The Gilder Lehrman Institution of American History (2004) Winning The Vote: A History of Voting Rights. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/historynow/09_2004/historian.php. Nov 1, 2011 10:15 a.m. Pearson Education (2011) U.S. Voting Rights. http://www.infoplease.com/timelines/voting.html.
Works Cited Damerow, H. D. (2009, August 10). American Government Outline. Retrieved February 19, 2011, from www.faculty.ucc.edu: http://faculty.ucc.edu/egh-damerow/political_system.htm Johnson, P. (2005). Elite (elitist) Theory. Retrieved February 18, 2011, from www.auburn.edu: http://www.auburn.edu/~johnspm/gloss/elite_theory Religion, A.
The system represents the views of the people, as the candidate is with the greatest support wins through a fair process. Also the UK's democracy is one of the strongest in the world, the present electoral system works and why should we go through the huge amount of chaos and hassle of changing the system? However there are two sides to every story told, the First Past the Post system may not quite be as good as it should be, and perhaps we should consider changing the system. As there is only one MP elected in each constituency, so all the voters who did not vote for him or her are not represented... ... middle of paper ... ...ted, and there is a wide range of parties. However, small parties get eliminated easily, and it does not result in a proportional parliament, there is also limited tactical voting.
There is no consensus on whether parliamentary systems are ultimately better than presidential systems. But many political scholars have supported the case of parliamentary systems. The efficiency and smooth process of policy-making exhibited in parliaments, as well as the presence of an intrinsic, accountable relationship between the executive and legislative branches give parliamentary systems the edge in effectiveness. Furthermore, the wider division of powers, concept of Responsible Government in Britain and Canada, and the flawed Electoral College in the U.S. also give the edge of democracy to parliamentary systems.