The true nature of the conflict between the British and the Colonists was that the British had loosely governed the colonies in the beginning. Because of problems at home in England they did not strictly govern the colonies. The colonies formed their own governments around the loose laws of the British. When the British needed money they decided to bring in extra revenue by taxing the colonists. The colonists did not accept their taxation without representation, which caused the Colonists to seek independence from the crown.
The idea of wanting its independence from Britain was forced upon them after the French and Indian War when Americans felt that they were receiving unfair treatment from Great Britain. The French and Indian War altered British and American relations by changing the colonist's beliefs in having the need for British control, and these events brought American colonies together for the first time politically. Economically, the British made relations harsh by enforcing things such as the Stamp Act which made many of the colonist's unhappy. The ideological viewpoint of the American colonist's drastically changed with the opposing viewpoints of the British. American colonists questioned many of Britain's laws and beliefs after the French and Indian War.
Parliament tried to establish power in the New World by issuing a series of laws. The passage of these laws undermined the Colonist’s loyalty to Britain and stirred the Americans to fight for their freedom. The colonies also accepted England’s right to monitor trade. The change of course in 1767 was what really riled the colonies. England began to slowly tighten its imperial grip to avoid a large reaction from the colonists.
Prior to the Seven Years’ War, the English rarely intervened with colonial business. It was during this time that the colonies began gradually to think and act independently of England. This scared England, and initiated a period in which they became more involved in the colony's growth. The passage of these laws undermined the Colonist's loyalty to England and stirred the Americans to fight for their freedom. What began as a fight over economic policies soon deteriorated into the difference in Americans and Britons political views, which help lead to the violence of the American Revolution (The American Pageant, pg 122).
Following the long and harrowing French and Indian War, Britain was deep in debt and George Grenville was appointed British Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was determined to pay off the debt by taxing the colonies. He not only reinforced the ignored Navigation Acts, but he placed the new Sugar Act which was similar to the Molasses Act which put a tax on rum and molasses imported from West Indies, but this Act would be enforced. Needless to say, the colonists were not used to this intrusion of Parliament and felt that it was wrong because there were no members in Parliament to represent the colonies. They felt it was a direct violation of their civil liberties and resentment was beginning to spawn.
The first of many British “missteps” was their need to tax the colonists on every day items, even after many protests. In 1764 the Sugar Act was enacted to raise tax revenue in the colonies for Englan... ... middle of paper ... ...the colonies in all cases whatsoever. This was an immature move on Britain’s part because it made the colonists think they were no longer being treated equal to the Englishmen residing in Britain. The Intolerable Acts limited colonists' rights and made restrictions on town meetings, which were especially crucial to the New England way of life. After hundreds of years of salutary neglect, by enforcing the laws of Mercantilism on the colonies, Britain backed the colonists into a corner where they had no choice but to fight for their rights.
Under salutary neglect, the colonists enjoyed a significant degree of independence and autonomy from Britain that they had grown accustomed to over time. When the British government created new tax laws and adapted a more stringent policy of tax collection, the colonists viewed it as an unfair burden. Even thought the tax rates at which the colonists were being asked to pay were much lower than their British citizen counterparts, they saw it as unfair. Colonists deemed the new taxes unfair because of long held belief: the idea that colonists could n... ... middle of paper ... ...ity for the British in order to prevent a further outbreak of colonial opposition. If the British could emasculate the local militias, perhaps this rebellion could be put down rather quickly and effectively.
The American Revolution was started basically because of problems with the British economy. The major concept of the time was "taxation without representation". After the French and Indian war, the British government was burdened with a huge debt. They wanted to tax more to the colonist because they were the ones helped the most from the war. Ordinary people had always been taxed lightly in America, but they did not want their money to be used to support the British.
Britain’s tactics to control the Americas had been causing various troubles and irritations to the colonists. The colonists had to deal with taxation without representation, also known as virtual representation such as the Stamp Act or Tea Act and also other unpleasant laws passed by the British such as the Quartering Acts. A significant event that is notable for altering the political, economic and ideological relations between the colonies and Britain is the French and Indian War. This was fundamentally the cause of the American Revolution. The relationship between the colonists and the British was already weak but after this war the ties became even weaker than imaginable.
Overall, the colonists strongly disapproved of the various taxes implemented by Great Britain. Although Great Britain unfairly taxed the colonists, this action, with many others, was a jumpstart for colonists to break away and create a nation of their own. Without the work and strenuous labor of the colonists to break away from the monarchy, America could still be a benefactor to Great Britain. Works Cited Divine, Robert A., T.H. Breen, George M. Frederickson, R. Hal Williams, Ariela J.