According to the American Cancer Society, Each year, more than 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer; furthermore Twelve percent of all women will contract the disease, and 3.5% of them will die from breast cancer (American Cancer Society, 2005). There are risk factors that may lead to breast cancer. There are 4 stages of breast cancer and several treatments, although treatments vary from types and stages of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women who are 40 to 55 years old (Breast Cancer, 2009).Cancer occurs when cells divide uncontrollably. It changes from a normal cell to cancerous cells that require gene alterations.
In the United States in 1999 alone, an estimated 43,700 people will die from breast cancer. It is the number two cancer killer among females ages 15 to 54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops drastically. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15, and comprises a great amount of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 37 billion dollars a year in direct medical costs. An average woman is said to have a one in nine chance of getting the cancer, but if that person had family history of the disease, his or her chances have been measured up to a one in six chance.
Other possible signs of breast cancer are having a swollen breast, having irritated, red, thickening or dimpled skin on the breast, having pain in the breast or nipple, having a breast nipple turning inward, and having discharge from the nipple (other than breast milk for nursing mothers). A person may notice a lump or swelling in his or her arm pit or collar bone if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes found there. Breast cancer affects one in eight women living in the United States during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. In 2012, an estimated 232,340 new cases of i... ... middle of paper ... ...ostate, Skin.
Breast cancer is the leading reason of death in women in the United States; it has increased greatly over the last 30 years. Many people wonder why it has increased so much in the last few years, and there are many reasons that it has. Breast cancer is a malignant, metastasizing tumor of the mammary gland. It is the leading cause of death in women between the ages of 35 and 45 years old, but it is most common in women over the age of 50. Almost 90% of all breast cancer begins in the ducts and lobes of the mammary glands (Bartholomew).
“Information About Breast Cancer.” njha.com. n.p. n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2012 Bradley, C. J., Neumark, D., Shickle, L. M. et al., "Differences in Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: Experiences of Insured and Uninsured Women in a Safety-Net Setting," Inquiry, Fall 2008 45(3):323–39.
About 40,800 United States ladies were killed off by breast cancer in the year 2000 (Meister). Breast cancer also affects more that 1,000 men, in the United States, a year (National Cancer Institute). According to the National Cancer Institute, the number of women in the United States who learns that they have been diagnosed with cancer exceeds 180,000. Breast cancer, following skin cancer, is now the most prominent form of cancer among women in the United States. What are the reasons people get cancer?
In the United States, starting from the first breast cancer case in 1930s to today, a woman's lifetime risk of breast cancer increases to one eighth (Gray et al.). Continuously increasing breast cancer rate has caused a lot of concerns among not only ordinary people but also scientists. For decades, scientists have been working on the causes of breast cancer in order to find the corresponding methods of treatment. However, only about 25% of the breast cancer cases got explained (Brody et al. ); till today, heredity, lifetime exposure to environmental estrogen (the female sex hormone), and the dietary fat are the only major known causes (“Cover Story: Breast Cancer and Environment”).
Encyclopedia of Women's Health. Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media, 2004. Credo Reference. Web. 12 January 2011 "Breast Cancer Signs and Symptoms - Breast Cancer Center ..." Everyday Health, Inc.
The American Cancer Society, Inc. 2. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Breast Cancer Statistics, 2011. Carol DeSantis, MPH1; Rebecca Siegel, MPH2; Priti Bandi, MS3; Ahmedin Jemal, DVM, PhD 3. ABC of Breast Diseases.
The purpose of this essay is to identify the processes through which breast cancer cells develop and to discuss the pathology and methods diagnosing as well as various treatments available. Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer among American women, producing more than forty thousand fatalities annually Mohammad et al. The malignant tumors are made up of different sets of observable sets of characteristics that resulted from the interactions between the various breast cancer cells genotype and the environment. Mohammad et al. used samples in which breast cancer cells from human donors were grown in mice with depressed immune system.