Brazil: A Brief Background And History Of Brazil

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Brief Background and History Brazil, fifth largest country in the world and in population is located in the eastern continent of South America. Making the largest country in Latin America, Brazil borders nearly every country in its continental region besides Chile and Ecuador. With its blessed biodiversity and landscapes, Brazilians take pride to be one of the world main attractions. In all its unique attributes, Brazil is the only country in the New World with the official language Portuguese. Portugal discovered and colonized the land in the 1500's by military leader Pedro Cabral. Throughout the history of Portuguese colonization, 3.5 million slaves were brought to the country for plantation labor. During global crisis in the 17th and 18th century, immigrants from Portugal and Asia arrived to Brazil. After the independence of Portugal in 1822, Brazil was considered to have one of the most diverse nation with the combination of indigenous, African, European, Asian culture . Till this day, Brazil multi-cultural background remains the same. According to the Brazilian census the population is composed of 53% white, 43 % mulatto, 6% black, and 2% others. But as everywhere else in the world, social inequality has been prevalent. In 2010, Brazil declared that Afro-Brazilian (black and mixed race) made the majority of the population with 97 million people considering themselves black and 91 million claimed caucasian (the guardian) Marginalization is also common as whites and Asian Brazilians earns twice as much as blacks and mixed-raced Brazilians (The guardian). With diverse ethnicity comes with different religions. Though there is a melting pot in religion, Roman Catholics makes the majority with over 130 million followe... ... middle of paper ... ... income tax annually. Within the Brazilian federative system, each taxing organ (Federal Government, States and Municipalities) decide about the exemption of taxes in the scope of their attribution. All educational and social assistance are exempted from taxes at all levels. If sectors seeking for more grants, services is required to deliver some of the following requirements: Revenue Tax, social contribution on tax, Social Integration program contribution, and more. Board members or staff not be compensated (Carvalho, L, 2002, p.14). Civil institutions of more than one year can partner with state and private agencies to accommodate public resources, as long sole purposes serves social developments. Unlike public corporations, every sectors has to incorporate a Governing Board in which comprises of secretaries, board of directors, and a Executive Director (CEO).
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