Behavior Review, 24, 434-438. Geschwind, D. H., & Levitt, P. (2007). Autism spectrum disorders: developmental disconnection syndromes. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 17, 103-111. Minshew, N.J., & Williams, D.L.
Effects of familial risk factors and place of birth on the risk of autism: A nationwide register-based study Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 46, 963-971 (2005) 4. King, I.F. et al. Topoisomerases Facilitate Transcription of Long Genes Linked to Autism. Nature 501, 58-62 (2013) 5.
Neurobiology 17,103–11. Johnson, C. P., & Myers, S. M. (2007). Identification and Evaluation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. PEDIATRICS, 120, 1183-1215. Levy, S. E., Mandell, D. S., & Schultz, R. T. (2009).
"Asperger's syndrome". Adolescent Med Clinic 17 (3): 771–88. Klin, A., Pauls, D., Schultz, R., and Volkmar, F. (2005). "Three diagnostic approaches to Asperger syndrome: Implications for research". J of Autism and Dev Dis 35 (2): 221–34.
Semin Pediatr Neur... ... middle of paper ... ..., Botolato NA, Walson P. Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology (RUPP) Autism Network: Background and rationale for an initial controlled study of risperidone, Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2000; 9(1): 201-24. 48. Arnold LE, Aman MG, Martin A, Collier-Crespin A, Vitiello B, Tierney E, Asarnow R, Bell-Bradshaw F, Freeman BJ, Gates-Ulanet P, Klin A, McCracken JT, McDougle CJ, McGough JJ, Posey DJ, Scahill L, Swiezy NB, Ritz L, Volkmar F. Assessment in multisite randomized clinical trials of patients with autistic disorder: The Autism RUPP Network. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 2000; 30(2): 99-111 49. Aman, M. The OSU RUPP-PI Project.
It is widely accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in the brain structure or function. There is evidence from neuropathological studies that autism has its origins in abnormal brain development early in prenatal life which continues postnatally, showing acceleration in brain growth measured by head circumference (Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Rogers, T., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Szatmari, P., 2005). The disorder also seems to have a genetic basis, although researchers have yet to find the specific genes that link to the onset of autism. There could be a cluster of genes that have somehow interfered with normal brain development and function. Studies show that twins of children with autism were more likely to be autistic themselves than the regular population, demonstrating there is a heredity lin... ... middle of paper ... ..., Tager- Flusberg, H.,& Lainhart, J. E. (2006).
(2000). The amygdala theory of autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 24, 355-64 Bristol-Power, M. & Spinella,G (1999). Research on Screening and Diagnosis in Autism: A Work in Progress [Abstract]. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders 29, 435 Glasson, E., Bower, C., Petterson, B., Klerk, N., Chaney, G., Hallmayer, F. (2004).
In one study, parenting styles between parents with autistic children and parents with non-autistic children differed greatly in responses (Strid, 2013). This conclusion leads to the fact that families who have autistic children react differently to certain scenarios. Having an autistic child within the family can lead to several different scenarios involving the child, such as having difficulty maintaining order in the household or arguments concerning the welfare of the child. However, these circumstances can also lead to the child’s family becoming much more understanding towards people with autism (Jahromi, 2012). The ... ... middle of paper ... ...on regulation in the context of frustration in children with high functioning autism and their typical peers.
Schmitz C, Rezaie P. The neuropathology of autism: where do we stand? Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 2008;34(1):4–11. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2990.2007.00872.x. PMID 17971078.
"Early Behavior Intervention for Autism: What Does Reserach Tell Us?" by Green, G. as found in Behavior Intervention for Young Children with Autism, edited by C. Maurice, G. Green, S. Luce "Roll Call of Recovered Kids", <http://home.san.rr.com/autismnet/rollcall.html> provided through The Autism Network Resources for Physicians website, 2000-20001.<http://home.san.rr.com/autismnet/>