Brain Computer Interface

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BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE The ability to interact directly with the human brain came about due to advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain imaging technologies. This is all made possible with the use of sensors that can monitor some of the physical processes which take place within the brain and correspond with certain forms of thought. Once such technology which have arisen due to these advances is the brain computer interface (BCI). This is also referred to as brainwave computing, thought controlled computing, mind controlled computing or thought interpreting computer software and programming, (Shah, 2014). It functions as communication systems which do not depend on the normal outputs pathway of the brain which consists of peripheral nerves and muscles. However, the user manipulates their brain activities without using any form of motor movements to produce signals. These signals are used to control the computers or communication devices. The development of BCI was driven by a societal recognition to provide resources for needs of individuals with physical disabilities, (Tan & Nijholt, 2010). This technology bypasses any form of touch or voice where the programmes or computers are instructed by thoughts from the user. There are two different categories of brain imaging technologies: invasive technologies where sensors are implanted directly on or in the brain and the non-invasive technologies which measure the activity of the brain using sensors. The invasive method provide a high temporal and spatial resolution, they only cover very small sections of the brain. This method requires a surgical procedure to be carried out, which could lead to medical complications as the body adapts to or does not adapt to the implants. Once... ... middle of paper ... ...ipatory planning while building awareness and providing information on the opportunities and challenges. References Shah, H. (2014, February 10). The New Security Threats in the Age of the Brain Computer Interface. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://futuristablog.com/new-security-threats-age-brain-computer-interface/ Tan, D., & Nijholt, A. (2010). Brain-Computer Interfaces and Human-Computer Interaction. doi:10.1007/978-1-84996-272-8_1, TheWeekStaff. (2012, August 28). How future criminals could hack your brain and steal your PIN. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://theweek.com/article/index/232489/how-future-criminals-could-hack-your-brain-and-steal-your-pin Velloso, G. T. (2012). Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) methodological proposal to assess the impacts of medical applications in 2022. Enterprise and Work Innovation Studies. Retrieved April 24, 2014

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