His parents, Martha and Henry Berry, were grandchildren of slaves and they were among the African Americans who migrated from rural south to St. Louis for employment during World War 1. Martha was among the few of black women to receive a college education and Henry was a carpenter and a deacon at the Antioch Baptist Church. -When Chuck was born it was a segregated city. He grew up in the north of St Louis, in a town that was for middle class
Booker T. Washington The purpose for writing on Booker T. Washington is to focus on his educational contributions, and the different speeches he gave during and after the 19th century for African American and for the institution. Booker was born into slavery on a small tobacco plantation on April 5 1856. While in grade school he did not have a last name. When he realized that all of the other children at the school had a second name, and the teacher asked him his, he invented the name Washington. For the first nine years of his life until 1865 when the close of the Civil War emancipated the boy Booker and the remainder of his race, he like many other Americans of dark skin had been considered a piece of property on a Southern plantation.
Booker Taliaferro was born a mix slave in Franklin Country on 5th April, 1856. His father was a white man who and no one knew who he was and his mother the slave of James Burroughs. His mother married the slave Washington Ferguson. When Booker entered school he took the name of his stepfather and became known as Booker T. Washington. After emancipation, his family was so poor that he worked in factories and mines at the age of nine.
At the age of ten, he left home of his own volition to attend a colored school in the nearby community of Neosho, where he did chores for a black family in exchange for food and a place to sleep. He maintained his interest in plants while putting himself through high school in Minneapolis, Kansas, and during his first and only year at Simpson College in Iowa. During this period, he made many sketches of plants and flowers. He made the study of plants his focus in 1891, the year he enrolled at Iowa State College. After graduating in 1894 with a B.S.
Introduction “If it were possible, I would gather the race in my arms and fly away with them”, said Ida B. Wells-Barnett (Jim Crow Stories, 2002). The oldest of eight children, Ida B. Wells-Barnett was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862 to Elizabeth and James Wells (Podesta, 2016). James Wells was the son of his master and a slave woman (Podesta, 2016). Her mother was a cook and her father was a carpenter. Although Ida was born into slavery, education played importance to both Elizabeth and James.
Born in Torrington, Connecticut on May 9, 1800, John Brown was the son of a wandering New Englander. Brown spent much of his youth in Ohio, where he was taught in local schools to resent compulsory education and by his parents to revere the Bible and hate slavery. As a boy, he herded cattle for General William Hull's army during the war of 1812; later he served as foreman of his family's tannery. In 1820, he married Dianthe Lusk, who bore him 7 children; 5 years later they moved to Pennsylvania to operate a tannery of their own. Within a year after Dianthe's death in 1831, Brown wed 16-year-old Mary Anne Day, by whom he fathered 13 more children.
Booker T. Washington 1856-1915, Educator Booker Taliaferro Washington was the foremost black educator of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He also had a major influence on southern race relations and was the dominant figure in black public affairs from 1895 until his death in 1915. Born a slave on a small farm in the Virginia backcountry, he moved with his family after emancipation to work in the salt furnaces and coal mines of West Virginia. After a secondary education at Hampton Institute, he taught an upgraded school and experimented briefly with the study of law and the ministry, but a teaching position at Hampton decided his future career. In 1881 he founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute on the Hampton model in the Black Belt of Alabama.
His father sent him off with $25 and he added to that by sweeping school rooms, ringing the class bell and building fires in school stoves. After a year of college, he paid debts and earned more money teaching in Greenwood, Texas. He then returned to Commerce and finished his three-year degree in two years. Sam first ran for public office in 1906 when he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives. While serving in the legislature, he attended and graduated from law school at the University of Texas in Austin.
As he got older people started calling him the "Plant Doctor", because he was so good with plants. When George was a teenager he went to a school for black children in Neosho, Kansas. He then spent the next ten years traveling through the Midwest. He finally finished school in his early twenties. Then George spent time farming until he had enough money to go to Simpson College in Iowa.
Born a slave in 1855, Wright’s future had already been predetermined for him. However, after the civil war ended, he moved Atlanta to get an education. In 1876, Wright was named valedictorian at Atlanta University’s first commencement ceremony. He also studied at a number of other institutions over his lifetime including Harvard, Columbia, the University of Chicago, Oxford University, and the University of Pennsylvania (BlackPast). He, as an ex-slave, helped to break the glass ceiling that tried to stop African- Americans from getting an education.