In the autobiography, Washington fails to address the struggle of blacks during Reconstruction to escape the southern stigma of African Americans only being useful for labor. However, Washington argues that blacks should attain an industrial education that enables them to find employment through meeting the economic needs of the South, obtaining moral character and intelligence, and embracing practical labor. His arguments are supported through his personal accounts as a student at Hampton Institute and as an administrator at the Tuskegee Institute. Washington’s autobiography is a great source of insight into the black education debate following Reconstruction. The first argument Booker T. Washington makes is that blacks should seek an education that provides them with the opportunity to gain employment by meeting the sp... ... middle of paper ... ...ed from the institution through manual labor.
Booker, his brother and his mother moved to Malden West Virginia after the Civil War. They went to live with his stepfather, whom they had only seen a few times before. When they arrived in Malden, Washington was no more then nine years old. However, he went to work with his stepfather in the salt mine business feeding the furnaces. His education started with a Webster's old "Blue-Black" spelling book that his mother had provided him.
Booker T. Washington thought that Blacks should earn their respect gradually after getting an education and becoming business man of the industrial world. W.E.B Du Bois was more of demanding it and he also thought they should try everything they could to earn the respect they needed. Although Booker and W.E.B had there differences, Booker's strategy was more appropriate for the time period and that W.E.B wanted the Blacks to make some sacrifices in order to achieve there goals. Booker T Washington's strategy applied in The Atlanta Compromise Address would be to say that he wanted all Black Americans to learn trades and would like for them to pass on those skills, and use those skills so their families could have a better life and probably even a better education. Become united with one another, become part of the industry, become someone, and show what you are.
My name is Winifred Thompson, and I’m writing to you to tell you my viewpoint on a former citizen who deserved a national holiday. This citizen has done great things to serve the United state, and he has influenced a lot of change for the African American population. His name was Booker T. Washington and just like other great leaders such as Martin Luther King, he deserves to be honored. Booker T. Washington was one of the former African-American leaders of the early 20th centuries, who founded the Tuskegee University. Booker T. Washington was born in Virginia to a slave on April 5, 1856, Booker T. Washington had lived a difficult life.
Unlike Washington, Dubois was born a free man and lived in the North in a predominately white area in an integrated community. He was very intelligent and excelled in the local schools he attended. However, it wasn’t until he attended Fisk University in Tennessee where he encountered his first issue dealing with racism and the Jim Crow laws. This experience is what shaped his ideas and philosophies on black people and their oppression. Dubois went back to the north to continue his education, focusing on the racial injustice and how to build equality for African Americans right then.
Du Bois way of helping African Americans, but Booker T. Washington’s way was the Tuskegee Institute. The Tuskegee helped to educate the black people with skills so that in the future the whites would accept them seeing that they work hard. Although many may think this was a great way to get civil rights, Du Bois did not. Du Bois founded the NAACP and used it for the power to have a say. “Through the publication Du Bois reached an increasingly large audience- one hundred thousand by 1919- with powerful messages that argued the need for black development and white social enlightenment” (Du Bois 884).
Washington and his mother moved from Franklin County, Virginia to Malden, West Virginia because she married a freedman, Washington Ferguson. Booker T. s\till had not forgot about the other children learning how to read and write and wanted to go to school too. Instead, though, he had to work because the family was less fortunate and extremely poor. He went to work with his stepdad in the close by salt furnaces. His mother was aware that he was would talk about school and the other kids a lot but she also knew that slaves could not be taught how to read or write.
In ‘Up from Slavery’ Washington depicts the struggle the black underwent while trying to facilitate the establishment of schools where their children would learn how to read and write. His years as a slave enabled Washington to appreciate his race. Washington developed the belief that, just like the white people, the black people had the right to a better life (Washington 1). His belief created the foundation for his desire and ambition to learn and to make the black race a race of honor and
After emancipation, his family was so poor that he worked in factories and mines at the age of nine. When he was 16 his parents allowed him to quit work to go to school. They had no money to help him so he walked 200 miles to attend the Hampton Institute in Virginia and paid his tuition and board there by working as the janitor. The principal of the institute was Samuel Armstrong an who was against slavery and had been commander of African American troops during the Civil War. Armstrong believed that it was important that the freed slaves received an education.
The Negro "Okayed" it b... ... middle of paper ... ... households. Calling on the talented tenth, Du Bois argued that if the top ten percent of African Americans were schooled and trained, they could go back into their communities and help pull the other ninety percent, who weren't eligible to go to school, up (The Talented Tenth). Both, Du Bois and Washington dedicated their lives to finding a way to gain rights for the American Negro. Each of these intellectual individuals dedicated their lives to this one goal. However, it seems that W.E.B Du Bois was more logical in his proposition for the advancement of African Americans.