The educator's monument on its campus shows him lifting a symbolic veil from the head of a freed slave. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born a slave on April 5, 1856, in Franklin County, Va. His mother, Jane Burroughs, was a plantation cook. His father was an unknown white man. As a child, Booker swept yards and brought water to slaves working in the fields. Freed after the American Civil War, he went with his mother to Malden, W. Va., to join Washington Ferguson, whom she had married during the war.
Booker Taliaferro was born a mix slave in Franklin Country on 5th April, 1856. His father was a white man who and no one knew who he was and his mother the slave of James Burroughs. His mother married the slave Washington Ferguson. When Booker entered school he took the name of his stepfather and became known as Booker T. Washington. After emancipation, his family was so poor that he worked in factories and mines at the age of nine.
Washington was born into slavery on April 5, 1856, in Franklin County, Virginia, on a small tobacco plantation. His only true relative was his mother, Jane, who was the plantation's cook. His father was probably the white son of one of the neighbors, though it is not known for sure. Washington spent his childhood years on the plantation, but since he was so young he never had to do the heavy work. He did the small jobs, such as carrying water to the field hands and taking corn to the local mill for grinding.
Erected from a dilapidated shanty and church, came forth the foremost educational institution for blacks, which simultaneously sponsored and built momentum for the "Tuskegee Movement:" an array of policies, views, and tactics that illuminated Booker T. Washington as "the race leader" in dealing with the "Negro Problem" (as his supporters in both the North and South saw it). From his southern small-town nucleus he bejeweled the nation with a network of schools and newspapers, offering a means by which the Negro populace could liberate themselves of Jim Crow's noose and Uncle Tom's iron-grip.
When he was 9 he was gathered with the other slaves and was told he could go freely due to the Emancipation Proclamation. After he was freed, his mother and him moved to West Virginia where he worked in the coalmines. Then, he decided that he needed to go to college. Booker T. Washington enrolled at the all-black Hampton University in the early 1870’s. He studied various subjects and earned his diploma. After graduation he taught at various schools and the founder of Hampton University was so impressed with his ability to educate that he made him the organizer and principal of a black trade school.
In the early history of the civil rights movement two prominent African American leaders, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois arose to accomplish one goal, education for all African Americans. During the turn of the century, between the years 1895 and 1915 there were many theories on how African Americans were going to achieve first-class citizenship. With two separate views on how to accomplish this goal, the African American community was split in half on who to support. While Booker T. Washington believed in industrial and agricultural labor, W.E.B.
During the Progressive Era, there were many different opinions as to how exactly African Americans should attempt to progress towards equal Civil Rights. While some activists pushed for protest, Washington took a different approach: gradualism. Washington felt that African Americans should attempt to earn their way into society by showing whites that they can own property and be an equal part of society. One of Washington’s first examples of his gradualist mindset can be seen in the Atlanta Compromise, a speech that Washington delivered at an international exposition in Atlanta, Georgia in 1895. In the Atlanta Compromise, Washington acknowledged the fact that whites dominated the American society.
James Knox Polk was the 11th president of the United States and the last to own slaves. During his presidency, territorial expansion of Texas and the Southwest was accomplished through the Mexican-American War and the Oregon Territory Northern Boundary was established between the United States and Canada. The Department of Interior, the Naval Academy and the Smithsonian were also established during his time as president. As he promised, he served only one term as president and died of cholera three months after leaving office. Polk was a shrewd business man, he established a plantation with slaves in North Mississippi while in office.
He, as an ex-slave, helped to break the glass ceiling that tried to stop African- Americans from getting an education. Yet he did not stop there. Wright had a vision not only for himself, but for others as well. He believed that all African- Americans should be educated, and he wanted to give them the opportunity to do so. In 1891 Wright founded the Georgia State Industrial Coll... ... middle of paper ... ...ional Freedom Day will be recognized on February 1st.
The first argument Booker T. Washington makes is that blacks should seek an education that provides them with the opportunity to gain employment by meeting the sp... ... middle of paper ... ...ed from the institution through manual labor. Washington successfully makes his point that manual labor and industrial education could lead to the advancement of the black race following slavery. Although the author provides many personal accounts of success among the black race, the macro view of the Southern perception of blacks are not examined in his work. However, the work provides an excellent source of reference to one of the two sides of the black education discussion during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The author in his work, Up from Slavery, successfully conveys his beliefs that blacks should prepare themselves for the real-world experiences they would face through an industrial education.