Book Review

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Assault in the Senate by David E. Johnson describes the grueling debate between Representative Preston Brooks and Senator Charles Sumner. This argument took place in 1856 and has since become a pivotal moment during the civil war era.
In 1851, Charles Sumner was elected to the Senate. “The Crime Against Kansas” is the title of the speech given by Senator Charles Sumner on May 19, 1856. The speech discussed issues such as the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise. The purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act gave the new territories the ability to determine their own slave status. This act caused turmoil in Congress, as well as in Kansas. His speech was directed towards the agreement of popular sovereignty by President Franklin Pierce.
Sumner blamed the issue of slavery in Kansas on “fraudulent elections, a lack of presidential will, and the devotion of some to the ‘one idea, that Kansas, at all hazards, must be made a slave state.’” During his speech, Sumner also bashed Senators James Mason, Stephen A, Douglas and Andrew Pickens Butler because these Senators supported the position of administration regarding slavery. Senators Mason and Douglas fought back after being “personally attacked,” and many others present during the speech stated that Sumner would end up being killed.
Representative Preston Brooks was also present during Sumner’s speech. Brooks was close friends with Senator Butler, whom Sumner had criticized. Brooks found Sumner’s speech offensive. He believed that Sumner should be punished for dishonoring Butler, as well as South Carolina. In South Carolina, punishment for this type of incident was handled by dueling. However, in order for dueling to occur, the individ...

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Flora was born in Milton, South Uist in 1722. After her mother remarried and moved to the Hebridena Isle of Skye, Flora decided she wanted to live with her older brother in Milton. She was later sent to school In Edinburgh by her aunt and uncle.
Flora was staying with her relatives at Ormaclade, on South Uist when she learned of Prince Charles Edward Stuart. She learned that Prince Charles wanted to reestablish the Catholic Stuarts as Great Britain’s rightful rulers. There was pressure on Charles Edward to succeed the throne of King James II, but Protestant King George II did not want the Catholic Stuarts to wear the crown. Some exiled Stuarts actually succeeded in rallying Jacobites to the cause, most of them being MacDonalds.
In August 1745, the prince launched his campaign in Scotland. It ended in failure on April 16, 1746 at the battle of Culloden.

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