Body Mass Index Case Study Answers

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1. The body mass index of the patient is 59.4. Body mass index is a measure of body fat using the height and weight of the patient. Calculating the BMI is completed by dividing the weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared.
BMI is a useful screening tool for obesity. It is not an absolute determination of obesity due to its areas of weakness which include elderly people who may have loss muscle mass and athletic people who have large muscle mass(19,Obesity). The patient has a BMI of 59.4. A normal weight person according to the BMI scale, should have a BMI between 18.5-24.9. This patient is 34.5 points above the higher end of the normal range.

2. Two types of gastric bypass surgeries include the Roux-en-y and the sleeve gastrectomy.
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It effectively assists patient to lose weight through the removal of approximately ¾ of the stomach. This removal of a portion of the stomach makes it a permanent surgery. The removal of this portion of the stomach causes greater gastric emptying and hormone changes such as in the level of ghrelin and insulin secretion. This procedure effectively reduces the amount food which can be consumed and the amount of calories and nutrients which can be absorbed (gastrectomy…show more content…
It occurs when solid food is dumped into small intestine without being digested. Dumping syndrome causes sweating, cramping, heart palpitations , dizziness and eventually diarrhea. The cause of dumping syndrome is not completely understood, but is linked to the size of the stomach and to poor eating following gastric bypass surgery .It can be subdivided into the categories of early or late. Early dumping syndrome generally occurs half an hour to one hour after eating. Late dumping syndrome occurs later in reaction to hypoglycemia and can result in fainting and loss of consciousness. The treatment for dumping syndrome is change in diet to limiting simple carbohydrates and increasing proteins and fats, dividing calories into smaller meals and lying down after meals when possible(18,gastric bypass
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