Blood Agents: What are they?

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Blood Agents: What are they? The name blood agents came about because at the time they were first introduced, it was believed that they had an effect on the actual blood itself, due to the bright red color it caused its victims, not for the true effects that these agents have on the oxygen in the blood. Blood agents are chemical agents that lessen the amount of oxygen in the blood stream. They do this in one of two ways: they either prohibit oxygen from entering the blood or obstruct the blood and keep it from moving from one place in the body to another. Exposure may result from inhalation, ingestion, injection, and/or skin contact. There are several chemicals known as blood agents. These chemicals are hydrogen cyanide, cyanogen chloride, arsine, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and phosgene. Each one of these blood agents has its own unique characteristics, and has slightly different effects on the body. In addition, each agent has a diverse use, and some are used in the development of other products, or developed as a derivative of something else we may in fact use. Next we’ll take a look at each agent’s physical characteristics, how they affect the human body, how they were created, what their use is, or has been, as well as first aid and decontamination methods, and detection methods. Hydrogen cyanide, also known as Prussic acid, is a very volatile, colorless or pale blue, gas when at high temperatures and a liquid at low temperatures. It has a low bitter almond odor which most people do not notice. Hydrogen cyanide is very dangerous because it has a total body affect, affecting the organs that do not function well when low on oxygen, which happen to be the most important parts of the body such as the bra... ... middle of paper ... ...econsider any future use of them. Works Cited Arsine AsH3. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.c-f-c.com/specgas_products/arsine.htm Blood agent: Hydrogen cyanide (AC). (2006). Retrieved from http://cbwinfo.com/Chemical/Blood/AC.shtml Cyanide AC CK. (1995) Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/usa/doctrine/army/mmcch/Cyanide.htm#OVERVIEW Morgan, S. (n.d.) Chemical warfare: History and chemistry. Retrieved from http://www.chem.sc.edu/faculty/morgan/resources/cw/cw.pdf Murphy-Lavoie & H. Martinez, J. (2013) Cyanogen chloride poisoning. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/832939-overview Phosgene (CG): Lung damaging agent. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750023.html Spiers, E. (1986). Chemical Warfare. Urbana and Chicago. University of Illinois Press.

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