Black Theology was developed by early theologians because Black people needed something to believe in and give them help in times of need. The idea of Black Th... ... middle of paper ... ...her and to God. Much of the dualism described by Kelly sounds universal. Is there some figment of basic human tendency that divides one’s self from within or without? Works Cited DeOtis Roberts, "Black Theology in the Making," Review and Expositor 70 (Summer 1973):328 Emmanuel McCall, "Black Liberation Theology: A Politics of Freedom," Review and Expositor 73 (Summer 1976):330; cf.
Black Liberation Theology can be defined as the relationship that blacks have with god in their struggle to end oppression. It sees god as a god of history and the liberator of the oppressed from bondage. Black Liberation theology views God and Christianity as a gospel relevant to blacks who struggle daily under the oppression of whites. Because of slavery, blacks concept of God was totally different from the masters who enslaved them. White Christians saw god as more of a spiritual savior, the reflection of God for blacks came in the struggle for freedom by blacks.
But blacks also brought a distinct perspective to the antislavery movement. Their abolitionism was shaped profoundly by their personal experience and racial oppression. Unlike most white abolitionists, they conceived of antidlavery as an all-encompassion struggle for racial equality, and they took a more pragramatic, less doctrinaire approach to antislavery tactics. The contrast between the two abolitionists -- black and white -- become increasingly apparent in the 1840s and 1850s as black expressed a growing militancy, asserted greater independence, and called for racially exclusive organization and initiatives. But despite patriotic statement and vigorous public against colonization, there was a greater margin among black abolitionists and white who claimed to be abolitionists alike black people.
Black Consciousness has been defined as an attitude of the mind and a way of life. Therefore, the purpose of teaching Black Consciousness was to conquer feelings of black inferiority and replace it with a new solid social identity which encouraged black pride and independence from white oppression. Africans should reject the myths from which Apartheid was conceived, where blacks were depicted as inferior, savage, simple and having a primitive culture which needed to be modernized. Rather blacks should believe in their true identity of being survivors with the utmost human dignity. Black people needed to become aware of their collective power both economically and politically.
They are as follows: • Racialism is race as a biological essence possessing specific traits. • Shared experience of expression speaks specifically of African American experience with transatlantic slave trade, lynching, Jim Crow and all other events leading up to Black American struggles. • Goal of self-determination believes you can control your own desti... ... middle of paper ... ...“What A Black Man Wants,” Douglass argued in favor of suffrage for Blacks, as well as equality rather than generosity. His speech empowered many, as well as Abraham Lincoln, whom he served as advisor to. Integration called for the right of African Americans to be full citizens of the United States of America.
Frederick Douglass’ journey from slave to freed man is infamous for its influence in the abolition movements during the 1800’s. In his narrative, Douglass uses the appeal of ethos in order to establish his stance on the issue of slavery. In addition to that, he uses many of his own personal experiences to not only reveal the hard life of a slave, but to also show that at the time, he had his own thoughts and beliefs about the injustices around him. This shows the audience that slaves are capable of thinking for themselves, having feelings and even have the potential to become educated and live as equals among the whites. Despite his obvious support for the abolition of slavery, Douglass keeps an objective stance and does not only discuss the wrongs of slavery in favor of the blacks; he simply tells the story of his life.
For that reason Walker’s projected audience were black citizens who suffered from slavery. I strongly believe that Walker planned that this document would be read by whites so that they may perhaps regret and change their ways. Walker also stated towards the whites that “my object is to see justice done at home, before we go to convert the heathens” (20). As a result, Walker’s Appeal was both an inspirational document and a frightening one do to the fact it challenged the white’s ideas that blacks were lazy, and unintelligent. This document also sought after to inspire Black African Americans to discover self worth along with pride in their inheritance.
Douglass also expected to place a black mark on southern slave holders by telling us how they had affairs with the slaves and used religion as support for their actions. Douglass strived to make readers imagine themselves in his position.
The point in raising such an awareness of psychological liberation is for the people to implement and lead black liberation movements throughout the country. So by doing this the black liberal community would disregard the non-racialism of the ANC. Biko had always stressed out his concern of responding to a racist society. He always had stated that to overcome a racist society, black people had to first liberate themselves and gain psychological, physical and political power before any other non-racial organization can take action. At times Biko did prefer non-violent tactics and strategies, due to his belief in M.K Gandhi and Martin Luther King tactics.
Washington preferred a gradual, submissive, and economically based plan. On the other hand, Du Bois relied upon a more agitating and politically aggressive plan. They worked for the advancement of African-Americans in American society, but their methods of achieving this goal and their leadership style differed greatly from one another. It is hard to fathom that two men, who helped to strive for the great goal of racial fairness, could have been such opposites, but it is true. Booker T. Washington, a former slave and the founder of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, believed that African Americans needed to accept segregation and discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity.