A major issue during the Civil... ... middle of paper ... ...fectiveness. The 1960?s were a time of great disorder among the young people of the America. Students began to stand up for their rights and fight to improve society, even if it meant turning their backs on the government. During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960?s a new pattern was brought forth in many universities. The university was no longer just a community of learners and educators, but is suddenly became a political arena.
The Black Panther Party is an African-American revolutionary organization which emerged from the 1960s. Campaigning for equal rights amongst African-Americans within the United States, The Black Panther Party, (originally entitled The Black Panther Party For Self-Defense), sought the termination of the centuries worth of oppression and inequality that continued to persist amongst African-Americans which included social, economic and political suppression. Founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, The Black Panther Party would not only play a key role in the Black Power element of the Civil Rights Movement, but because of its revolutionary stance and tactics that were not only opposed to but acted upon against the unjust system of government under which Blacks lived, the Black Panther Party would later be deemed by then Federal Bureau of Investigation director J. Edgar Hoover as the "greatest threat to the internal security of the United States" (Jones, 366). In September of 1966 in Oakland, California, two young African-American Merritt Junior College students Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale met in one of many sessions located in the living room of Seale's off-campus residence. Seale states that due to meeting with Newton, "I think... the experience of things I'd seen in the black community, killings that I'd witnessed, black people killing each other - and my own experience, just living, trying to make it, trying to do things, came to the surface" (Seale, 10).
X’s “Message to the Grassroots” speech stands a testament of Black Power’s perceptions; through a common enemy the group was able to form a collective identity. Stokely Carmichael purveyed similar tones throughout his campaign in the Black Power movement and especially in “The basis of Black Power.” Carmichael detailed how whites cannot be a part of the movement because it deludes, pollutes, and hinders the black community to... ... middle of paper ... ...l activism and largely followed the political framework of the Civil Rights movement. Nonetheless, the leaders of each movement help to prove how both groups affected each other through political activism and participation. CONCLUSION The Civil Rights and Black Power movement had a profound affect on the United States and is largely credited with the level of equality today. Each movement projected emotion, dedication, and bravery, which inspired their group to better its place within the infrastructure of the American dream.
The Black Panther party influenced the civil rights era by encouraging African American people to fight against police brutality. In 1966, Huey P. Newton was released from jail. With his friend, Bobby Seale, he joined a black power group called Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM). RAM was a political organization founded in 1962, that devoted the destruction of capitalism and white racism in America. Newton was taking classes at the City College and at San Francisco law school.
“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere,” wrote Martin Luther King in his from letter from a Birmingham jail (King 269). The 1960’s would become a time of protests movements and injustice and inequality would be the common theme. For two groups in particular, African-Americans and Women, inequality had gone on for a very long time. The Civil Rights Movement, followed by the Women’s Liberation Movement would use similar tactics and reasoning to try and get what they wanted. The protests and movements during the 1960’s saw the United States policing the world during the Cold War to establish freedom and used this hypocrisy to try and establish their own freedom.
The Black Panther Party also known as the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was a powerful militant group of African Americans that represented “Black Power” and self-protection. During the aftermath of the Malcolm X assassination, two student activists at Merritt Junior College in Oakland, CA, named Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, founded the Black Panther Party for Defense in October 1966. Although most of the media concentrations was on the leader of the Civil Rights movement throughout the 1960's, Martin Luther King, Jr., the Black Panthers opposed with Martin Luther King’s philosophy, also utilized inspiration, especially in poor black communities. The primary reason the Black Panther Party initiated was to encourage a change to occur in the neighborhoods with a rising prejudice towards minorities, specifically, African Americans. The most important things that caused intense community obliteration were the Black Panthers'’ stand for unity, opportune equality, and the demand to bring racism to a halt.
The prolonged Cold War and the controversial Vietnam War were only two of the many developments that would rattle the United States during the late ‘60s and early ‘70s. The continuing protests on the Vietnam War and growing student protests in the United States helped verify that revolution was possible. The new perspectives of the post World War II generation sought to modify a system that had become static. However, the United States was not the only country shaping new social and ideological understandings, other countries around the world also challenged the status quo. The black power protest movements, feminist movements, and gay rights movements protesting inequality in the global society defined 1968 as a revolution watershed.
Black Panther Party were one the most famous black power movement that was organize in the late 1960s. Invent by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, they wanted to stop the oppression of the black community from white business owners, governments, and the police. At first, the moment originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense to utilize the Party’s beliefs from the domineering nonviolent campaign of the Civil Rights Movement. Additionally, the Black Panther Party develop the Ten-Point program, which disclose the major conflicts that were detrimental to the black communities and also explains the wants and needs for the Black masses in America. Some of these Ten-Point program were freedom, full employment, end to robbery of Black communities, decent housing, education for the people, free health care, end to police brutality and murder, end to all wars of aggression, and freedom for all political prisoners.
The Brown v. Board of Education case was a start of many that began to transform American Democracy. African-Americans soon realized that they had to do something if they wanted to gain their rights back. They saw that they all had the responsibility to fight back against the government’s decision of de jure segregation. Many saw that they had to use the path of civil disobedience as portrayed through Martin Luther King Jr., but the rise of Black Nationalism made many people around the country forget that they had a responsibility as a people. Militant groups and leaders such as the Black Panther Party and Malcolm X started riots and “rebellions” that not only showed that they were very serious about gett... ... middle of paper ... ...journey on the road to integration when they first stepped foot on the American continent, but now had earned their right to be treated equally with their white brethren.
I have chosen these songs since they are all very thought-provoking songs and are inspired by well known incidents of racism and murder committed against blacks in the south of America. They successfully inspire their listeners to not only have sympathy for the victims mentioned in the songs but to make a decision not to stand idly by and allow such atrocities to take place in their society. It is important to mention that artists like Bob Dylan, Nina Simone and Phil Ochs were aware that as well known artists, they were capable of reaching into the hearts and minds of their listeners and inspiring change. These impressive artists showed their belief that they had a responsibility to tell the stories of innocent victims who had no voice of their own. This acceptance of responsibility is clear when you look at the huge range of protest songs they wrote which were openly public criticisms and protests against inhumane events occurring throughout the world.